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Take a preliminary look at the complexity of OOP by examining some aspects of the System and PrintStream classes.

Revised: Mon Mar 28 11:44:44 CDT 2016

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Preface

This module takes a preliminary look at the complexity of OOP by examining some aspects of the System and PrintStream classes.

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Listings

Introduction

This lesson introduces you to the use of the System and PrintStream classes in Java. This is our first introduction to the complexity that can accompany the OOP paradigm. It gets a little complicated, so you might need to pay special attention to the discussion.

Discussion

What does the main method do?

The main method in the controlling class of a Java application controls the flow of the program.

The main method can also access other classes along with the variables and methods of those classes and of objects instantiated from thoseclasses.

The hello1 Application

Listing 1 shows a simple Java application named hello1 .

(By convention, class definitions should begin with an upper-case character. However, the original version of this module was written andpublished in 1997, before that convention was firmly established.)

Listing 1 . The program named hello1.
/*File hello1.java Copyright 1997, R.G.Baldwin **********************************************************/class hello1 { //define the controlling class //define main methodpublic static void main(String[] args){//display text string System.out.println("Hello World");}//end main }//End hello1 class. No semicolon at end of Java class.

Does this program Instantiate objects?

This is a simple example that does not instantiate objects of any other class.

Does this program access another class?

However, it does access another class. It accesses the System class that is provided with the Java development kit. (The System class will be discussed in more detail in a future module.)

The variable named out

The variable named out , referred to in Listing 1 as System.out , is a class variable of the System class. (A class variable is a variable that is declared to be static.)

Recall that a class variable can be accessed without a requirement to instantiate an object of the class. As is the case with all variables, the classvariable must be of some specific type.

Primitive variables vs. reference variables

A class variable may be a primitive variable , which contains a primitive value, or it may be a reference variable , which contains a reference to an object.

(I'll have more to say about the difference between primitive variables andreference variables in a future module.)

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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