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The Blank “Effect 2” Subsystem

Copying a block from the echo subsystem

Double click on the “ Effect 1” subsystem. Cut-and-paste a copy of the echo block as follows: while left-clicking the mouse, mark the area to be copied.

Outlining the Block to be Copied

Release the left button on the mouse.

Block to be Copied is Marked

From pull-down menu, select Edit ->Copy (or Ctrl + C)

Blocks dropped onto effect 2 subsystem

Return to the “Effect 2” subsystem and Edit ->Paste (Ctrl + V) into the model.

Blocks Dropped onto Subsystem

Flipping the blocks

The blocks are facing the wrong way. Turn them round using Format ->Flip Block.

Flipping the Blocks

Changing the integer delay for reverberation.

Because the sound goes round several times with reverberation, a shorter delay time can be used. Here the delay time is 0.1 seconds.

Delay Time for Reverberation

Set the “Number of delays” to 800 then click on “OK”.

Completing the reverberation subsystem

Connect the blocks as shown below. Change the title to “Reverberation Subsystem”.

The Completed Reverberation Subsystem

Returning to the parent system

From the Toolbar, select the “Up Arrow” icon. This returns you to the next higher level.

Returning to the Parent System

The improved echo subsystem

The final subsystem to be implemented will be “Improved Echo”. This is based on the “Echo” subsystem, but with several delay paths.

The complete improved echo subsystem

Double click on the “Effect 3” subsystem box. The required components are shown below.

The Improved Echo Subsystem

Implementing the improved echo subsystem

You should now have enough knowledge to implement this subsystem block without further assistance. This time you are on your own!

Building the model

Select Tools ->Real-Time Workshop ->Build Model.

Building the Model

Running the model

Microphone straight through to loudspeakers

To check out the microphone and loudspeakers, set the DIP switches on the C6713 DSK as follows:

Switch Position 0

The microphone is fed directly to the loudspeakers without any digital signal processing.

Switch position for echo

To run the “Echo” subsystem, set the DIP switch to 1.

Switch Position 1 for Echo

Switch position for reverberation

To run the “Reverberation” subsystem, set the DIP switch to 2.

Switch Position 2 for Reverberation

Switch position for improved echo

To run the “Improved Echo” subsystem, set the DIP switch to 3.

Switch Position 3 for Improved Echo

Some things to try

Change the echo delay

Change the value of the “Integer Delay” block for echo. Listen to the effect of using short and long delays. Set the delay time to a large value and sing a round such as “Frere Jacques” or “Row, Row, Row your Boat”.

Change the amount of reverberation gain

In the “Reverberation Subsystem” block, change the “Gain” from 0.8 to higher and lower values. Notice how the system can become unstable if the gain is too large.

Modify the improved echo subsystem

In the “Improved Echo Subsystem”, you may wish to experiment with the number of delay elements, the delay times and the amounts of gain. Try to make the echo as realistic as possible.

Create your own subsystem

Add your own subsystem block and add your own signal processing. You might want to design a subsystem with both echo and reverberation.

MATLAB and Simulink are registered trademarks of The MathWorks, Inc. See www.mathworks.com/trademarks for a list of additional trademarks. Other product or brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, From matlab and simulink to real-time with ti dsp's. OpenStax CNX. Jun 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10713/1.1
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