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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Die pad na demokrasie in sa sedert 1910

Module 6

Swart verset in die 1960’s en 1970’s

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om bronne te gebruik oor groeiende verset in die 1970’s

[lu 1.2]

In 1959 het veral die jonger lede in die ANC weggebreek en die PAC (Pan African Congress) onder leiding van Robert Sobukwe gestig. Hul het geglo dat die ANC nie sterk genoeg optree nie. (Hul gewapende vleuel is Poqo genoem.)

Hierna sou swart verset al hoe groter en dringender word. Die tragedie by Sharpville is ‘n voorbeeld hiervan.

Sharpville

Die PAC het in 1960 landswye protes teen die paswette georganiseer. Op 21 Maart 1960 het ongeveer 10 000 swart mense by die polisiestasie in Sharpville, net buite Vereeniging, bymekaargekom om teen die paswette te betoog. Die polisie het bedreig gevoel en op hulle begin skiet en 68 betogers het gesterf en ongeveer 187 is gewond. Hierdie voorval het wêreldwye reaksie teen die SA regering veroorsaak. ‘n Nadoodse ondersoek het aan die lig gebring dat die meeste van die betogers van agter geskiet is.

Massaprotes, optogte en stakings het gevolg en 'n noodtoestand is in SA afgekondig. Meer as 22 000 mense is aangehou of gearresteer. Binne twee weke is die ANC en PAC verbied en hul leiers moes as bannelinge uit SA vlug. Oliver Tambo het die ANC se bevrydingstryd uit hul hoofkwartier in Zambië voortgesit, omdat die meeste binnelandse leiers in hegtenis geneem is.

(a) Ondersoek meegaande skets in julle groep met behulp van die W-vrae.

Bespreek eers die vrae wat volg met jou maat.

  • Wie het in opstand gekom?
  • Waar het die mense betoog?
  • Wanneer het die opstande plaasgevind?

1.4 Waarom het die mense in opstand gekom?

1.5 Wat het gebeur?

  • Watter vrae kom nog in jou gedagtes op? Skryf dit neer en ruil vrae met mekaar uit.
  • Dink aan Suid-Afrika vandag. Dink jy dié mense se drome is bewaarheid?

Toe die Republiek van SA in 1961 tot stand gekom het, is swart mense weer eens uitgesluit van die regeringsproses. Die tyd van vreedsame protes was verby en gewapende verset teen die regering het gevolg. Algaande het die ANC in 'n massabeweging verander. Lede van die ANC wat nie uit die land gevlug het nie, moes in die geheim optree. Die ANC en SAKP (Suid-Afrikaanse Kommunistiese Party) het 'n geheime vleuel, Umkonto we Sizwe ("Spies van die Volk") - bekend as MK - gestig en met bomaanvalle en sabotasie teen die regering begin. Nelson Mandela was die eerste bevelvoerder van MK.

Grafiese voorstelling van ‘n foto oor die tragedie van Sharpville

Sewentien toonaangewende ANC-leiers is egter op 11 Julie 1963 by Rivonia in Gauteng deur die polisie in hegtenis geneem, terwyl hulle 'n rewolusie teen en oorname van die regering beplan het. Walter Sisulu en Nelson Mandela was deel van die agt wat aan sabotasie tydens die Rivoniaverhoor skuldig bevind is. Laasgenoemde is op 200 aanklagte van sabotasie skuldig bevind en tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis.

Geweld, sabotasie en bomaanvalle het toegeneem ten spyte van die regering se streng optrede. In die VVO is daar op meer sanksies teen SA besluit.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
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Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
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LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
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Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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