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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Die pad na demokrasie in sa sedert 1910

Module 6

Swart verset in die 1960’s en 1970’s

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om bronne te gebruik oor groeiende verset in die 1970’s

[lu 1.2]

In 1959 het veral die jonger lede in die ANC weggebreek en die PAC (Pan African Congress) onder leiding van Robert Sobukwe gestig. Hul het geglo dat die ANC nie sterk genoeg optree nie. (Hul gewapende vleuel is Poqo genoem.)

Hierna sou swart verset al hoe groter en dringender word. Die tragedie by Sharpville is ‘n voorbeeld hiervan.

Sharpville

Die PAC het in 1960 landswye protes teen die paswette georganiseer. Op 21 Maart 1960 het ongeveer 10 000 swart mense by die polisiestasie in Sharpville, net buite Vereeniging, bymekaargekom om teen die paswette te betoog. Die polisie het bedreig gevoel en op hulle begin skiet en 68 betogers het gesterf en ongeveer 187 is gewond. Hierdie voorval het wêreldwye reaksie teen die SA regering veroorsaak. ‘n Nadoodse ondersoek het aan die lig gebring dat die meeste van die betogers van agter geskiet is.

Massaprotes, optogte en stakings het gevolg en 'n noodtoestand is in SA afgekondig. Meer as 22 000 mense is aangehou of gearresteer. Binne twee weke is die ANC en PAC verbied en hul leiers moes as bannelinge uit SA vlug. Oliver Tambo het die ANC se bevrydingstryd uit hul hoofkwartier in Zambië voortgesit, omdat die meeste binnelandse leiers in hegtenis geneem is.

(a) Ondersoek meegaande skets in julle groep met behulp van die W-vrae.

Bespreek eers die vrae wat volg met jou maat.

  • Wie het in opstand gekom?
  • Waar het die mense betoog?
  • Wanneer het die opstande plaasgevind?

1.4 Waarom het die mense in opstand gekom?

1.5 Wat het gebeur?

  • Watter vrae kom nog in jou gedagtes op? Skryf dit neer en ruil vrae met mekaar uit.
  • Dink aan Suid-Afrika vandag. Dink jy dié mense se drome is bewaarheid?

Toe die Republiek van SA in 1961 tot stand gekom het, is swart mense weer eens uitgesluit van die regeringsproses. Die tyd van vreedsame protes was verby en gewapende verset teen die regering het gevolg. Algaande het die ANC in 'n massabeweging verander. Lede van die ANC wat nie uit die land gevlug het nie, moes in die geheim optree. Die ANC en SAKP (Suid-Afrikaanse Kommunistiese Party) het 'n geheime vleuel, Umkonto we Sizwe ("Spies van die Volk") - bekend as MK - gestig en met bomaanvalle en sabotasie teen die regering begin. Nelson Mandela was die eerste bevelvoerder van MK.

Grafiese voorstelling van ‘n foto oor die tragedie van Sharpville

Sewentien toonaangewende ANC-leiers is egter op 11 Julie 1963 by Rivonia in Gauteng deur die polisie in hegtenis geneem, terwyl hulle 'n rewolusie teen en oorname van die regering beplan het. Walter Sisulu en Nelson Mandela was deel van die agt wat aan sabotasie tydens die Rivoniaverhoor skuldig bevind is. Laasgenoemde is op 200 aanklagte van sabotasie skuldig bevind en tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis.

Geweld, sabotasie en bomaanvalle het toegeneem ten spyte van die regering se streng optrede. In die VVO is daar op meer sanksies teen SA besluit.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
what is hormones?
Wellington
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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