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School District Type.

There are three district types in Illinois: elementary, high school, and preK-12 unit districts. During the 2008-2009 Illinois school year, Illinois State Board of Education reported 378 elementary districts, 100 high school districts, and 390 unit districts with grade levels elementary through high school (Illinois State Board of Education, 2009, p. 3). The school board survey representation reflected these numbers: 46% elementary districts, 12% high school districts, and 41% unit districts.

The format for responses to the perceptions of motivations and challenges included four choices. Given a specific descriptor, respondents were asked to indicate if they perceived this descriptor to be 1) Typical of female board members ; 2) Typical of male board members ; 3) Equally typical of female and male board members ; or 4) Not typical of either female or male board members .

Motivations for Running for School Board.

School board members perceived their motivation in running for the board, which were typical of both male and female school board members, included the following in rank order: Advocacy for student achievement/accountability (89%); Ensuring taxpayers’ money was well spent (74%); Influencing a district’s educational policies (74%); Fulfill a civic responsibility (73%); Disgruntled with school and school district decisions (41%), Holding an elected office (31%); Advancing self-interest (23%); Developing a political presence (18%).

Challenges: Running for School Board.

Respondents perceived the challenges in running for school board positions, which were typical of both male and female school board members, included the following in rank order: Criticism from internal and external stakeholders (66%); High level of visibility (57%); Family demands and responsibilities (56%); Complacency of current school board (41%); Lack of financial support (41%); Lack of family support (25%); Lack of self-confidence (21%); Perceived gender bias (13%).

Challenges: Seated on Board.

Respondents perceived the challenges while seated on the board, which were typical of both male and female school board members, included the following in rank order: Increased visibility (80%); Criticism from internal and external stakeholders (77%); Uncertainty about one’s ability to be an effective board member (54%); Personal retribution and repercussions for family members (40%); Lack of support from the current superintendent (27%); Intimidation from other board members (21%); Lack of family support (20%).

Conclusion

Males continue to hold the majority of seats on school boards and the majority of superintendent positions in the state of Illinois; it should be noted that females are gaining ground in these positions. Among the boards in the current study, the majority of female respondents were most likely to be one of two female board members on their school board. The majority of participants were in the 40 to 49 age bracket. Even though a majority of board members have served in their positions less than seven years, it is interesting to note in this particular study, 43% have three years or less of school board experience which has tremendous implications for school board training and board development. Also, it is important that school board trainers understand the characteristics, attitudes, and values of this age group (40 to 49 years) and the implications this has for training and board development. The majority of board members are well-educated, having college and advanced degrees, lending themselves to intelligent decision-making and problem-solving abilities. Illinois has the third largest number of rural and small school districts in the country. The majority of respondents come from rural and small schools.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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