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Participant Pool and Study Method

Nominated Scholars

The many persons forwarded as exceptional by faculty peers may all qualify as“scholar-practitioners”for whom their academic productivity inextricably links to impact andapplication within the field. While most can be described as full-fledged scholars who have significantly influenced nationaltrends and policies in addition to local contexts, others were selected for their leadership roles within school districts and thecommunity. However, the majority of exceptional scholars nominated work within the academy in various disciplines, primarilyeducational administration, in one of two respects: (1) broadly representing educational studies within such areas as business,politics, humanities, and philosophy, or (2) specializing in educational leadership with a focus on school leadership, highereducation, or teacher education, and in such areas as supervision, school–university collaboration, leadership preparation, policy, and reform.

Survey methods

Pilot and group discourse. For the survey“‘The Greatest’Living Scholars of Our Time”(that some quipped to be a“tough assignment”) recipients were asked to“take a moment to make a difference by answering this question,”to nominate one person, and to“briefly jot down the reason(s) for your choice.”The form alluded to the necessity of being able to make an informed judgment (“this survey assumes that you’re in the field of educational leadership”). It was established that any feedback would be anonymously reported. A pilot sampling, conducted in 2002at a doctoral research-extensive metropolitan university in Florida, involved eight educational leadership professors. Thequestion was openly tested and the interest level gauged. This process further verified the value/importance of the questionitself, so I broadened my data collection efforts. I also learned that some faculty wanted either to nominate more than one person orto vote with reservations, an outcome that foreshadowed an emerging pattern on a larger scale for some respondents.

Fuller sampling and distribution. Turning to listserves of professional associations, I accessed those mostrelevant to my study, including university-based educational leadership departments located through Internet searches.Conference councils and educational leadership editorial teams also received the survey. My goal was to obtain 200 surveys—214 (6%) complete responses were received; additionally, 19 electronicmessages were returned explaining why a nomination was not possible. In all, 233 (7%) responses were analyzed. Approximately3,500 individuals would have received the survey (some more than once), but this number proved impossible to accuratelytrack.

While the goal set for the completed surveys was met, the very low return rate needs to be addressed, especiallywhen one considers that a good response rate of 50 to 60% is generally considered accepted for survey research (Diem, 2002).However, at least one social science research team has found that its traditional paper survey yielded a higher response rate (60%)than the same questionnaire distributed electronically, which dropped significantly to 27%; this led them to question whethere-surveys are a reliable means of collecting data from a targeted population (Fraze, Hardin, Brashears, Smith,&Lockaby, 2003). In the long list provided by Newman (2002) for increasing one’s response rate from surveys in general, I used most of thesuggestions—provide a salient question, indicate why the respondent’s answer matters, keep the survey short and simple, use university identification and a personalized note, and follow upwith a reminder. I did not make many telephone calls or offer monetary incentives, both optional strategies for maximizing one’s response rate.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Mentorship for teacher leaders. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10622/1.3
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