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Trial>>
indicates that the Command Window is in normal mode and the MATLAB license will expire after the trial period ends.EDU>>
indicates that the Command Window is in normal mode, in MATLAB Student Version.>>
indicates that the Command Window is in normal mode.
The Command History is a log of the commands we have executed in the command window.
The workspace consists of a set of variables stored in memory during a MATLAB session. To open the Workspace browser, select Desktop>Workspace in the MATLAB desktop, or type
>>workspace
at the Command Window prompt.
The Current Folder is like the Finder in Mac OS X or Windows Explorer in Windows operating systems and allows us to browse through the files and folders. The Current Folder also displays details about files in your current directory and within the hierarchy of the folders it contains.
The tool strip contains global tabs, Home, Plots and Apps. Contextual tabs become available when you need them.
The plots tab allows us to plot various types of graphs quickly and easily.
The apps tab gives quick access to interactive applications within MATLAB environment.
Layout button allows us to change the desktop layout or go back to the default configuration.
The MATLAB toolbar provides on-screen buttons to access frequently used features such as, copy, paste, undo and redo.
MATLAB provides keyboard shortcuts for viewing a history of commands and listing contextual help.
Suppose we want to enter the following equation:
>>y=sin(45)
But we mistakenly entered
>>y=sine(45)
MATLAB returns the following prompt:
??? Undefined function or method 'sine' for input arguments of type 'double'.
Instead of retyping the equation, press the up arrow key, the mistakenly entered line is displayed. Using the left arrow key, move the cursor to the misspelled letter. Make the correction and press Return or Enter to execute the command.
Pressing the up arrow key repeatedly recalls the previously entered commands. Likewise, typing the first characters of previously entered line and pressing the up arrow key displays the full command line. To execute that line, simply press the Return or Enter key.
Suppose you forgot how to enter the square root command. Begin typing
y=sq
in the command prompt:
>>y=sq
Then press the tab key and scroll down to
sqrt
. Select it and press Return or Enter key.
>>y=sqrt
The semicolon symbol at the end of a line suppresses the screen output. This is useful when you want to keep your command window clean.
Type the following entry and press the Return key:
>>y=2+2
The following output is displayed:
y =
4
Now, press the up arrow key to recall our initial entry
>>y=2+2
And insert a semicolon as follows:
>>y=2+2;
No numerical result is displayed however MATLAB stores the value of y in the memory. We can recall the value y by simply typing y and pressing Return.
MATLAB comes with three forms of online help: help, doc and demos.
Typing help in the Command Window lists all primary help topics. You can display a topic by clicking on the link.
>>help
Or if you know the command or function you need help with, you can type help followed by the command or function. For example to learn about
clc
command, type
help clc
at the command prompt:
>>help clc
Also try the following command:
>>help clear
To learn about sine function, type
help sin
at the command prompt:
>>help sin
Obviously, to use
help
effectively, you need to know what you are looking for. Often times, especially when you first start learning an application, it is usually difficult to ask the right questions. In the case of MATLAB,
doc
command is generally better than
help
. If you type
doc
in the command prompt, MATLAB opens a browser from where you can obtain help easier:
>>doc
Like using
help sin
, try typing
doc sin
in the command prompt:
>>doc sin
You can learn more about MATLAB through demos by typing
demo
in the command prompt, a list of links to demos will open in Help Browser. Demos and online seminars are available at
product demos and online seminars .
>>demo
For a detailed explanation and examples for each of the following type ‘help function’ (without quotes) at the MATLAB prompt.
Command/Function | Meaning |
---|---|
clc | Clear Command Window |
clear | Remove items from workspace |
who, whos | List variables in workspace |
workspace | Display Workspace browser |
cd | Change working directory |
pwd | Display current directory |
computer | Identify information about computer on which MATLAB is running |
ver | Display version information for MathWorks products |
quit | Terminate MATLAB |
exit | Terminate MATLAB (same as quit) |
clc, clear and exit
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