<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This module represents basic information about the choral tone, provides a series of questions and suggested readings.

Choral tone

The characteristics of a good solo tone are also characteristics that are desirable in a good choral tone. It is not possible to thoroughly teach voice in a choral rehearsal, but it is possible to incorporate certain fundamental aspects of vocal technique in these rehearsals. These techniques will be basic principles in obtaining a choral sound that is pleasant and one that is properly produced. Regarding the use of vibrato: A vibrato is quite natural in the singing voice. There are a variety of compositions in which a minimal vibrato is desirable. Unless prescribed by the composer a straight tone, one without any vibrato, is not suggested. The straight tone has no life in it and, when brought to a forte or double forte becomes hollow and unattractive.

Discussion questions

1. Why do high school boys generally try to expand the chest area when taking a deep breath? Can a director correlate proper breathing to athletics? Will an athlete benefit from proper breathing?

2. How can students determine which tone in the choir is the one closest to the ideal that the director desires?

3. How can recordings of different choirs—professional, college, and high school— help in the developing of a choral tone?

4. How can a tone remain beautiful and still communicate a text that describes something less than beautiful?

5. Will the tone change for each musical style? Can the tone remain basically the same with some slight changes?

6. How does the director determine when to change the tonal color of a choir?

7. Which is most important, tone or text? Is one always more important than the other?

8. How can a director devise exercises to teach certain musical problems in choral music?


1. Listen to recordings of a number of choirs including, if possible, professional, college and university, high school, and church choirs. Attempt to categorize the types of tone utilized. Also attempt to categorize the various approaches to vowel sounds. Can both of the concepts be categorized?

2. As a group, develop an annotated bibliography of articles on voice. Make a composite list from each person's efforts and distribute to all members of the class.

Suggested readings

Baldwin, James. "Some Techniques for Achieving Better Choral Tone Through Vowel Purity." The Choral Journal September, 1985.

Beard, Charles. "Recognition of Chest, Head, and Falsetto Isoparametric Tones." The NATS Bulletin September/October, 1980.

Bragg, George. "The Adolescent Voice." The Choral Journal May, 1971, pp. 10-11.

Bravender, Paul E. "The Effect of Cheerleading on the Female Voice." The NATS Bulletin November/December, 1980.

Goodwin, Allen. "Resoving Conflicts Between Choral Directors and Voice Teachers." The Choral Journal September, 1980.

Kagen, Sergius. On Studying Singing. New York: Dover Publication, 1960.

Lamb, Nancy. "Practical Vocal Physiology: An Interview with Otolaryngologist George Gates." The Choral Journal April, 1979.

National Association of Teachers of Singing Committee. "The Solo Voice and Choral Singing." The Choral Journal December, 1970, pp. 11-12.

Proctor, Donald. "Breath, The Power Source for the Voice." The NATS Bulletin November/December, 1980.

Swan, Howard. "The Development of a Choral Instrument." Choral Conducting: A Symposium, chap. 1. ed., Decker and Herford. Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1973.

Sundberg, Johan. "The Acoustics of the Singing Voice." Scientific American March, 1977, pp. 82-91.

Thomas, Kurt. The Choral Conductor, pp. 44-50. New York: Associated Music Publishers, 1971.

Van Camp, Leonard. Choral Warm-ups for Minds, Ears and Voices. New York: Lawson-Gould Music Publishers, Inc., 1973.

Vennard, William. Singing, the Mechanism and the Technic. rev. ed. New York: Carl Fischer, Inc., 1967.

Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
what is the meaning
explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
⅗ ⅔½
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Q2 x+(x+2)+(x+4)=60 3x+6=60 3x+6-6=60-6 3x=54 3x/3=54/3 x=18 :. The numbers are 18,20 and 22
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
find the subring of gaussian integers?
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
hi mam
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
yes i wantt to review
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
what is math number
Tric Reply
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
Nêu ứng dụng, tác hại của lực điện động
NTQ Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now

Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Choral techniques' conversation and receive update notifications?