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This module represents basic information about the choral tone, provides a series of questions and suggested readings.

Choral tone

The characteristics of a good solo tone are also characteristics that are desirable in a good choral tone. It is not possible to thoroughly teach voice in a choral rehearsal, but it is possible to incorporate certain fundamental aspects of vocal technique in these rehearsals. These techniques will be basic principles in obtaining a choral sound that is pleasant and one that is properly produced. Regarding the use of vibrato: A vibrato is quite natural in the singing voice. There are a variety of compositions in which a minimal vibrato is desirable. Unless prescribed by the composer a straight tone, one without any vibrato, is not suggested. The straight tone has no life in it and, when brought to a forte or double forte becomes hollow and unattractive.

Discussion questions

1. Why do high school boys generally try to expand the chest area when taking a deep breath? Can a director correlate proper breathing to athletics? Will an athlete benefit from proper breathing?

2. How can students determine which tone in the choir is the one closest to the ideal that the director desires?

3. How can recordings of different choirs—professional, college, and high school— help in the developing of a choral tone?

4. How can a tone remain beautiful and still communicate a text that describes something less than beautiful?

5. Will the tone change for each musical style? Can the tone remain basically the same with some slight changes?

6. How does the director determine when to change the tonal color of a choir?

7. Which is most important, tone or text? Is one always more important than the other?

8. How can a director devise exercises to teach certain musical problems in choral music?

Projects

1. Listen to recordings of a number of choirs including, if possible, professional, college and university, high school, and church choirs. Attempt to categorize the types of tone utilized. Also attempt to categorize the various approaches to vowel sounds. Can both of the concepts be categorized?

2. As a group, develop an annotated bibliography of articles on voice. Make a composite list from each person's efforts and distribute to all members of the class.

Suggested readings

Baldwin, James. "Some Techniques for Achieving Better Choral Tone Through Vowel Purity." The Choral Journal September, 1985.

Beard, Charles. "Recognition of Chest, Head, and Falsetto Isoparametric Tones." The NATS Bulletin September/October, 1980.

Bragg, George. "The Adolescent Voice." The Choral Journal May, 1971, pp. 10-11.

Bravender, Paul E. "The Effect of Cheerleading on the Female Voice." The NATS Bulletin November/December, 1980.

Goodwin, Allen. "Resoving Conflicts Between Choral Directors and Voice Teachers." The Choral Journal September, 1980.

Kagen, Sergius. On Studying Singing. New York: Dover Publication, 1960.

Lamb, Nancy. "Practical Vocal Physiology: An Interview with Otolaryngologist George Gates." The Choral Journal April, 1979.

National Association of Teachers of Singing Committee. "The Solo Voice and Choral Singing." The Choral Journal December, 1970, pp. 11-12.

Proctor, Donald. "Breath, The Power Source for the Voice." The NATS Bulletin November/December, 1980.

Swan, Howard. "The Development of a Choral Instrument." Choral Conducting: A Symposium, chap. 1. ed., Decker and Herford. Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1973.

Sundberg, Johan. "The Acoustics of the Singing Voice." Scientific American March, 1977, pp. 82-91.

Thomas, Kurt. The Choral Conductor, pp. 44-50. New York: Associated Music Publishers, 1971.

Van Camp, Leonard. Choral Warm-ups for Minds, Ears and Voices. New York: Lawson-Gould Music Publishers, Inc., 1973.

Vennard, William. Singing, the Mechanism and the Technic. rev. ed. New York: Carl Fischer, Inc., 1967.

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Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
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