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Step 3 – work on the syllabi

Once faculty develop a shared definition of student learning and a common conceptual framework for the program, the work to redesign student learning experiences begins. Most often it begins with the course syllabus. The syllabus communicates how student learning develops and progresses during the course. It also provides clarity about expectations and how student learning will be assessed. The master syllabus may require continuous revision as best practice changes. Therefore, the syllabus must be explicit about performance activities, the ways they are assessed, and any opportunities for students to revise and resubmit their work.

Step 4 – align instructional strategies

Once a course is constructed there is a need to align instructional strategies and techniques with course goals and embedded performance assessments. Diagnosis of current instructional approaches may be needed. One effective strategy is to set aside time for an instructional diagnosis and to invite students to participate in these sessions. Providing time for conversation among faculty can build connections that strengthen and enhance teaching. Providing time to attend local, regional and national conferences, engaging in research, and utilizing university faculty development centers are avenues that support excellence in teaching. Promoting better thinking using higher order thinking skills is central to the role of higher education. Thus increased awareness that problem-solving skills must be an integral part of the course delivery is important.

Final thoughts

The challenge to strengthen the preparation of school leaders is central to the school improvement conversation. As a result, school leader preparation programs are faced with increasing demands and mounting pressure to alter the content and structure of their programs.

As conversations proceed they invariably result in confronting long-standing norms about the role and function of higher education, about the freedom of individual faculty to design courses, and about collection and use of data that may reveal trends and patterns among courses and faculty that were never discussed.

The challenge is to maintain a focus on students and their need to be highly skilled, thoughtful practitioners able to both know and use the knowledge they acquire in their programs.

References

Boyer, E. L. (1990 – 01). Priorities of the professoriate . NY: Jossey-Bass

Center for Teaching Effectiveness. (n.d.) Teaching and learning theories . Retrieved February 14, 2008 from (External Link)

Center for Teaching Effectiveness. (2005). 9 principles of good practice for assessing student learning . Retrieved February 14, 2008 from (External Link)

Council of Chief State School Officers. (2008). Educational leadership policy standards: ISLLC 2008 . Retrieved June 3, 2009 from (External Link)

Cross, K. P. (1998) What do we know about students’ learning and how do we know it? Presented as the AAHE National conference on Higher Education, Atlanta, Georgia, March 24, 1998. ERIC Document reproductions No. ED446539

Cross, K.P. (2005). Collaborative Learning Techniques: A Handbook for College Faculty. (with Elizabeth F. Barkley and Claire Howell Major) San Francisco: Josse-Bass.

Eichinger, R. W.&Lombardo, M. M. (2003). Leadership architect. Minneapolis, MN. Lominger International: A Korn/Ferry Company. http.//www.lominger.com

Farr, M. (2003). Language Varieties, Culture and Teaching the English Language Arts .

Gleason, P. ( ) Timeline for the scholarship of teaching and learning . Retrieved February 18,2008 from (External Link)

Hengeland,C.(n.d.), Questions: One aspect of teaching excellence . Retrieved February 14, 2008 from (External Link)

Hoyle, J. R. (2005). The standards movement in educational administration: The quest for respect. In T. Creighton, S. Harris&J. C. Coleman (Eds.), Crediting the past, challenging the present, creating the future (pp. 23-42). National Council of Professors of Educational Administration.

Forest, James JF.(1998). The teaching-oriented professoriate: International trends among faculty who prefer teaching over research. Dissertation. Retrieved February 18, 2008 from: (External Link)&Exp=02-16-2010&FMT=7&DID=738057401&R

Kellerman, B. (2007). What every leader needs to know about followers. Harvard Business Review , December, (pp. 84-91)

Leithwood, K.S., Louis, K. S., Anderson, S.,&Wahlstrom, K. (2004). How leadership influences student learning . Minneapolis, MN: Center for Applied Research and Education Improvement, University of Minnesota, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Ontario and The Wallace Foundation.

Levine, A. (2005). Educating school leaders . Washington, DC: The Education School Project Report

Marzano, R.J. (1992). A different kind of classroom: Teaching with dimensions of learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Marzano, R. J., Pickering, D. J.,&Pollock, J. E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement . Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Mid Continent Research for Education and Learning. www.mcrel.org/dimensions/whathow.asp .

National Science Foundation. (External Link)

Ornstein, A. C. (2003). Accountability: The finger is pointing at the teachers. In Pushing the envelope: Critical issues in education , (pp.95-104). NY: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Spelling, M. (2006). A test of leadership: Charting the future of U.S. higher education. ED Pubs, Eucation Publications Center, U. S. Department of Education. www.edpubs.org .

Svinicki, M.D. ( ) A comparison of some alternative teaching modes . Retrieved February 14, 2008 from http:///www.utexas.edu/academic/cte/sourcebook/teachingmethods.html

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Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Performance assessment in educational leadership programs; james berry and ronald williamson, editors. OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11122/1.1
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