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Important issues in this largely policy-for-science category included: the level and distribution of support required to maintain the national research system; how to deal with the physical erosion of university research facilities; establishing criteria for selecting among competing, large-scale scientific “megaprojects”; and providing appropriate incentives for students to pursue postgraduate study in science and engineering.

White house science council

Sensitive to criticisms that the OSTP during the Carter years had been too inward-looking, Keyworth established a White House Science Council (WHSC) in 1982, with members drawn from universities, industry, and government laboratories. The stated purpose was to assist the science advisor in examining issues affecting federal science agencies and to conduct studies of programmatic and policy problems cutting across agency lines.

Unlike the defunct PSAC or the aborted PCST, Keyworth’s council was responsible to the science advisor rather than the president, had access to the president only through the science advisor, and had no explicit authority to set its own agenda. Thus it failed to provide the direct, independent channel of communication between the president and the scientific community that Golden advocated, although it did provide a channel for external advice to reach OSTP.

Several WHSC reports, including Research in Very High Performance Computing (November 1985) and the Report of the White House Science Council Panel on the Health of U.S. Colleges and Universities (February 1986), made strong pleas for stronger cross-agency coordination. But while a few specific recommendations of these reports were reflected in subsequent budgets, their implicit, collective plea for more serious attention to fundamental national research system issues went unheard. By 1987, bipartisan congressional resolve to control a politically unacceptable federal budget deficit killed any chances that budgetary support for the national research system would grow at all. The Graham-Rudman-Hollins Balanced Budget Act of 1985 required that the federal budget be balanced by 1991. However, when 1991 approached, Congress repealed this legislation.

Status of the science policy act

It is hard to fault the Reagan administration for failing to resolve problems that had beset American science policy for more than forty years. But the administration was sharply (and fairly) criticized for failing to recognize that a strategic reorientation in science policy might have provided it tools for addressing serious national problems, including economic problems. Other nations, particularly in East Asia, were implementing successful, coherent industrial science policies that posed a serious challenge to the global economic position of the United States. A close reading of the Science Policy Act’s legislative history could have offered a framework for such a reoriented policy. But by 1981, even Congress seemed to have abandoned any serious attempt either to convince the executive branch to adopt a broad, strategic approach to science policy, as intended by the 1976 act, or to coerce it to do so by means of its oversight authority or its control of the federal budget.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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