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Important issues in this largely policy-for-science category included: the level and distribution of support required to maintain the national research system; how to deal with the physical erosion of university research facilities; establishing criteria for selecting among competing, large-scale scientific “megaprojects”; and providing appropriate incentives for students to pursue postgraduate study in science and engineering.

White house science council

Sensitive to criticisms that the OSTP during the Carter years had been too inward-looking, Keyworth established a White House Science Council (WHSC) in 1982, with members drawn from universities, industry, and government laboratories. The stated purpose was to assist the science advisor in examining issues affecting federal science agencies and to conduct studies of programmatic and policy problems cutting across agency lines.

Unlike the defunct PSAC or the aborted PCST, Keyworth’s council was responsible to the science advisor rather than the president, had access to the president only through the science advisor, and had no explicit authority to set its own agenda. Thus it failed to provide the direct, independent channel of communication between the president and the scientific community that Golden advocated, although it did provide a channel for external advice to reach OSTP.

Several WHSC reports, including Research in Very High Performance Computing (November 1985) and the Report of the White House Science Council Panel on the Health of U.S. Colleges and Universities (February 1986), made strong pleas for stronger cross-agency coordination. But while a few specific recommendations of these reports were reflected in subsequent budgets, their implicit, collective plea for more serious attention to fundamental national research system issues went unheard. By 1987, bipartisan congressional resolve to control a politically unacceptable federal budget deficit killed any chances that budgetary support for the national research system would grow at all. The Graham-Rudman-Hollins Balanced Budget Act of 1985 required that the federal budget be balanced by 1991. However, when 1991 approached, Congress repealed this legislation.

Status of the science policy act

It is hard to fault the Reagan administration for failing to resolve problems that had beset American science policy for more than forty years. But the administration was sharply (and fairly) criticized for failing to recognize that a strategic reorientation in science policy might have provided it tools for addressing serious national problems, including economic problems. Other nations, particularly in East Asia, were implementing successful, coherent industrial science policies that posed a serious challenge to the global economic position of the United States. A close reading of the Science Policy Act’s legislative history could have offered a framework for such a reoriented policy. But by 1981, even Congress seemed to have abandoned any serious attempt either to convince the executive branch to adopt a broad, strategic approach to science policy, as intended by the 1976 act, or to coerce it to do so by means of its oversight authority or its control of the federal budget.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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