<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
Listing 4 . The class named MyClass.
class MyClass{ int data;MyClass(){ data = 0;}//end noarg constructor MyClass(int data){this.data = data; }//end parameterized constructorpublic String toString(){ return "" + data;}//end overridden toString() }//end MyClass

The class named TheComparator

That brings us to the class named TheComparator from which the Comparator object was instantiated and passed to the constructor for the TreeSet object in Listing 2 . The declaration for the class named TheComparator is shown in Listing 5 .

Listing 5 . Beginning of the class named TheComparator.
class TheComparator implements Comparator,Serializable{

As you can see, the class named TheComparator implements both the Comparator interface and the Serializable interface.

Implementing the Comparator interface

By implementing the Comparator interface, an object instantiated from the class is eligible to be passed to the constructor for a TreeSet object, which requires an incoming parameter of type Comparator .

Implementing the Serializable interface

Here is what Oracle has to say about implementing the Serializable interface:

"Note: It is generally a good idea for comparators to implement java.io.Serializable, as they may be used as ordering methods inserializable data structures (like TreeSet, TreeMap). In order for the data structure to serialize successfully, the comparator (if provided) mustimplement Serializable."

Since the Serializable interface doesn't declare any methods, implementing the interface simply requires a declaration that the interface isbeing implemented.

Methods of the Comparator interface

The Comparator interface declares the two methods listed below:

  • public int compare (Object o1, Object o2)
  • public boolean equals (Object obj)

As is always the case when implementing interfaces, a class that implements the Comparator interface must provide concrete definitions for both of these methods.

The compare method

The beginning of the compare method is shown in Listing 6 .

Listing 6 . Beginning of the compare method.
public int compare(Object o1,Object o2){ if(!(o1 instanceof MyClass))throw new ClassCastException(); if(!(o2 instanceof MyClass))throw new ClassCastException();

The purpose of a Comparator is to compare the values stored in the instance variables of two objects and to return a value indicating which objectis greater .

Specialization is required

Generally speaking, therefore, a Comparator object must be specialized to deal with a particular type of object. That type could be

  • A specific class from which the object is instantiated,
  • A specific interface implemented by the class from which the object is instantiated, or perhaps
  • A specific superclass of the class from which the object is instantiated.

The code in Listing 6 confirms that both of the objects to be compared are of the correct type, which in this case is type MyClass .

Must gain access to instance variables

Regardless of how the type is established, the code in the compare method of the Comparator object must gain access to the instance variables of the two objects passed to the compare method as type Object . This normally requires that a downcast be performed on the incoming object references.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Object-oriented programming (oop) with java' conversation and receive update notifications?