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Address space

All memory, including RAM, Flash/ROM, information memory, special function registers (SFRs), and peripheral registers are mapped into a single, contiguous address space.

Note: See the device-specific datasheets for specific memory maps. Code access is always performed on even addresses. Data can be accessed as bytes or words.

The MSP430 is available with either Flash or ROM memory types. The memory type is identified by the letter immediately following “MSP430” in the part numbers.

Flash devices : Identified by the letter “F” in the part numbers, having the advantage that the code space can be erased and reprogrammed.

ROM devices : Identified by the letter “C” in the part numbers. They have the advantage of being very inexpensive because they are shipped pre-programmed, which is the best solution for high-volume designs.

* Depending on device family.

For all devices, each memory location is formed by 1 data byte. The CPU is capable of addressing data values either as bytes (8 bits) or words (16 bits). Words are always addressed at an even address, which contain the least significant byte, followed by the next odd address, which contains the most significant byte. For 8-bit operations, the data can be accessed from either odd or even addresses, but for 16-bit operations, the data values can only be accessed from even addresses.

Interrupt vector table

The interrupt vector table is mapped at the very end of memory space (upper 16 words of Flash/ROM), in locations 0FFE0h through to 0FFFEh (see the device-specific datasheets). The priority of the interrupt vector increases with the word address.

Interrupt vector table for MSP430 families.

Vector Address Priority 11xx and 12xx 13x and 14x ‘2xx 3xx 4xx
0xFFFE 31, Highest Hard Reset/ Watchdog Hard Reset/ Watchdog Hard Reset/ Watchdog Hard Reset/ Watchdog Hard Reset/ Watchdog
0xFFFC 30 Oscillator/ Flash/NMI Oscillator/ Flash/NMI Oscillator/ Flash/NMI Oscillator/ Flash/NMI Oscillator/ Flash/NMI
0xFFFA 29 Unused Timer_B Timer_B (22x2, 22x4, 23x, 24x, 26x only) Dedicated I/O Timer_B(’43x and’44x only)
0xFFF8 28 Unused Timer_B Timer_B (22x2, 22x4, 23x, 24x only) Dedicated I/O Timer_B(’43x and’44x only)
0xFFF6 27 Comparator Comparator Comparator_A+ (20x1 only, 21x1, 23x, 24x, 26x) Unused Comparator
0xFFF4 26 Watchdog Timer Watchdog Timer Watchdog Timer+ Watchdog Timer Watchdog Timer
0xFFF2 25 Timer_A USART Rx Timer_A Timer_A USART0 Rx(’43x and’44x only)
0xFFF0 24 Timer_A USART0 Tx Timer_A Timer_A USART0 Tx(’43x and’44x only)
0xFFEE 23 USART0 Rx (’12xx only) ADC USCI Rx(22x2, 22x4, 23x, 24x, 26x only)I2C status (23x, 24x) USART Rx ADC(’43x and’44x only)
0xFFEC 22 USART0 Tx (’12xx only) Timer_A USCI Tx(22x2, 22x4, 23x, 24x, 26x only)I2C Rx/Tx (23x, 24x, 26x only) USART Tx Timer_A
0xFFEA 21 ADC10 Timer_A ADC10 (20x2 22x2, 22x4 only)ADC12 (23x, 24x, 26x only)SD16_A (20x3 only) ADC(’32x and ’33x) Timer/Port (’31x) Timer_A
0xFFE8 20 Unused Port 1 USI(20x2, 20x3 only) Timer/Port(’32x and ’33x) Port 1
0xFFE6 19 Port 2 USART1 Rx Port P2 Port 2 USART1 Rx(’44x only)
0xFFE4 18 Port 1 USART1 Tx Port P1 Port 1 USART1 Tx(’44x only)
0xFFE2 17 Unused Port 2 USCI Rx (23x, 24x, 26x only)I2C status (241x, 261x only) Basic Timer Port 2
0xFFE0 16 Unused Unused USCI Tx (23x,24x only)I2C Rx/Tx (241x, 261x only) Port 0 Basic Timer
15 DMA (241x, 261x only)
14 DAC12 (241x, 261 only)
13 to 0Lowest Reserved

Flash/rom

The start address of Flash/ROM depends on the amount of Flash/ROM present on the device. The start address varies between 01100h (60k devices) to 0F800h (2k devices) and always runs to the end of the address space at location 0FFFFh. Flash can be used for both code and data. Word or byte tables can also be stored and read by the program from Flash/ROM.

All code, tables, and hard-coded constants reside in this memory space.

Information memory (flash devices only)

The MSP430 flash devices contain an address space for information memory. It is like an onboard EEPROM, where variables needed for the next power up can be stored during power down. It can also be used as code memory. Flash memory may be written one byte or word at a time, but must be erased in segments. The information memory is divided into two 128-byte segments. The first of these segments is located at addresses 01000h through to 0107Fh (Segment B), and the second is at address 01080h through to 010FFh (Segment A). This is the case in 4xx devices. It is 256 bytes (4 segments of 64 bytes each) in 2xx devices.

Boot memory (flash devices only)

The MSP430 flash devices contain an address space for boot memory, located between addresses 0C00h through to 0FFFh. The “bootstrap loader” is located in this memory space, which is an external interface that can be used to program the flash memory in addition to the JTAG. This memory region is not accessible by other applications, so it cannot be overwritten accidentally. The bootstrap loader performs some of the same functions as the JTAG interface (excepting the security fuse programming), using the TI data structure protocol for UART communication at a fixed data rate of 9600 baud.

Ram

RAM always starts at address 0200h. The end address of RAM depends on the amount of RAM present on the device. RAM is used for both code and data.

Peripheral modules

Peripheral modules consist of all on-chip peripheral registers that are mapped into the address space. These modules can be accessed with byte or word instructions, depending if the peripheral module is 8-bit or 16-bit respectively. The 16-bit peripheral modules are located in the address space from addresses 0100 through to 01FFh and the 8-bit peripheral modules are mapped into memory from addresses 0010h through to 00FFh.

Special function registers (sfrs)

Some peripheral functions are mapped into memory with special dedicated functions. The Special Function Registers (SFRs) are located at memory addresses from 0000h to 000Fh, and are the specific registers for:

- Interrupt enables (locations 0000h and 0001h);

- Interrupt flags (locations 0002h and 0003h);

- Enable flags (locations 0004h and 0005h).

SFRs must be accessed using byte instructions only. See the device-specific data sheets for the applicable SFR bits.

Request the MSP430 Teaching ROM Materials here (External Link)

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Teaching and classroom laboratories based on the “ez430” and "experimenter's board" msp430 microcontroller platforms and code composer essentials. OpenStax CNX. May 19, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10706/1.3
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