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[LO 1.5, 3.2, 3.3]

  • Read the following querying and complaining letter that appeared in TygerBurger , a regional newspaper, and then carry out the assignments that follow.

Source b

Wednesday 10 JULY 2002

Case stated about march

ACCORDING to a newspaper report, the city has decided to fine litterbugs or send them to jail.

At the moment, protesters are simply emptying the rubbish bins in the street in full view of the city police, traffic police and police.

Our questions is: if people are protesting, are they free from legal prosecution?

I and fellow shop owners were compelled to sweep the streets ourselves.



Pieter Cronjé, director: communication, City of Cape Town, replies :

It is correct that fines have been increased to try to put a stop to the illegal dumping of refuse.

A march by a large group of striking workers is an emotional issue that needs to be handled with care. The primary task of the city police and the SAPS is to observe such a march and to provide protection against intimidation and violence.

The city council cannot approve the behaviour of striking labour union mem

bers. They did not adhere to the conditions for the march and this will be discussed with the union. Armed with the necessary evidence and statements, disciplinary action can also be taken against workers as a result of offences.

The city would like to thank the shop owners who helped to clean the street. Some of the security personnel also helped to clean up after the march .

Group activity 3: exercise in democracy [lo 3.4, 3.7]

Step 1 : Divide into groups and describe any march or protest that you have seen. According to the principle of democracy, every person must be given a chance.

Step 2 : The group selects the most interesting story. Two-thirds of the group must agree on which story was the most interesting.

Step 3 : The group now selects a person to tell the story to the rest of the class, in other words, the person who is going to report . The reporter does not necessarily have to be the person who originally told the story.

The report-back only takes place in the next period. The members of the group must remain in their groups until the exercise in democracy is completed.

Step 4 : The group’s decision on a learner’s contribution to the group is the prevailing one, and not that of the learner.


If the class feels that their performance as democratic groups does not display good cooperation, the class needs to repeat this exercise (later).


Write down the weak points in the story you told during Step 1 of the exercise in democracy.

[LO 3.4, 3.7]

  • You have now had ample opportunity to take part in History activities. Assess your progress with the aid of the assessment grid on the following page.

Activity 4: written exercise: communication

Write your own letter to a newspaper, according to

  • the pattern of Source B.

Heading :

Case stated about …

Paragraph 1 :

Mention the reason for your letter.

Paragraph 2 :

State your questions.

Paragraph 3: Say why the matter is so important to you.

Conclusion :

Write a suitable pseudonym.Your address and the date.


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
Historical Enquiry The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 continues to identify and select a variety of historical and archaeological sources relevant to an inquiry [finds sources];
1.2 evaluates the sources used (e.g. “Who created the source?”, “Is it reliable”, “How useful is the information?”) [works with sources];
1.3 interprets graphical and statistical sources [works with sources];
1.4 presents an original idea as part of an answer to questions posed [answers the question];
1.5 communicates knowledge and understanding by constructing own interpretation and argument based on the historical sources (including extended writing, artwork, graphics and drama); uses information technology where available and appropriate [communicates the answer].
Learning outcomes (LOs)
LO 2
Historical Knowledge and Understanding The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 begins to make links between historical events and processes in different contexts in the same period [chronology and time];
2.2 recognises that causes and effects of effects vary in importance [cause and effect];
2.3 explains charges in a wider historical and environmental context [change and continuity].
LO 3
Historical Interpretation The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 examines historical interpretation by asking relevant questions about the author of an historical source [source interpretation];
3.2 identifies and gives reasons for the different ways that the past is represented and interpreted [source interpretation];
3.3 explains why history is not objective or neutral [source interpretation];

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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