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Low-pass filtering with sound

Use wavread to load the sound castanets44m.wav. Perform low-pass filtering with the filter defined above, starting with a = 500*2*pi , but also try different values.

Play the original and the low-passed version of the sound. Plot their frequency content (Fourier transforms) as well.

Optional: low-pass filtering

  1. Create an impulse train as the input signal x(t) using the following MATLAB command, >>x = repmat([zeros(1, 99) 1], 1, 5);
  2. Use the low-pass filter defined earlier to low-pass the impulse train. Choose a cutoff of 20.
  3. Plot the two signals x(t) and y(t) separately using the subplot command. These should be plotted versus the time vector. Label the axes and title each graph appropriately.
  4. Look at the plots. Can you explain what is happening to the spike train?

High-pass filtering

An ideal high-pass filter eliminates low frequency components entirely, as in: H H i d e a l ( ω ) = { 0 | ω | < B 1 | ω | B } MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLnhiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr4rNCHbGeaGqiVCI8FfYJH8YrFfeuY=Hhbbf9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfeaY=biLkVcLq=JHqpepeea0=as0Fb9pgeaYRXxe9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadIeadaqhaaWcbaGaamisaaqaaiaadMgacaWGKbGaamyzaiaadggacaWGSbaaaOGaaiikaiabeM8a3jaacMcacqGH9aqpdaGadaqaauaabeqaciaaaeaacaaIWaaabaWaaqWaaeaacqaHjpWDaiaawEa7caGLiWoacqGH8aapcaWGcbaabaGaaGymaaqaamaaemaabaGaeqyYdChacaGLhWUaayjcSdGaeyyzImRaamOqaaaaaiaawUhacaGL9baaaaa@5263@ A real high-pass filter typically has low but non-zero values for | H L ( ω ) | MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLnhiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr4rNCHbGeaGqiVCI8FfYJH8YrFfeuY=Hhbbf9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfeaY=biLkVcLq=JHqpepeea0=as0Fb9pgeaYRXxe9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaamaaemaabaGaamisamaaBaaaleaacaWGmbaabeaakiaacIcacqaHjpWDcaGGPaaacaGLhWUaayjcSdaaaa@3DFE@ at low frequencies, and a gradual (rather than an immediate) rise in magnitude as frequency increases. The simplest (and least effective) high-pass filter is given by (e.g. using an RC circuit): H H ( ω ) = 1 H L ( ω ) = 1 α α + j ω , α = cutoff frequency . MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaafiart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLnhiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr4rNCHbGeaGqiVCI8FfYJH8YrFfeuY=Hhbbf9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8WqFfeaY=biLkVcLq=JHqpepeea0=as0Fb9pgeaYRXxe9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadIeadaWgaaWcbaGaamisaaqabaGccaGGOaGaeqyYdCNaaiykaiabg2da9iaaigdacqGHsislcaWGibWaaSbaaSqaaiaadYeaaeqaaOGaaiikaiabeM8a3jaacMcacqGH9aqpcaaIXaGaeyOeI0YaaSaaaeaacqaHXoqyaeaacqaHXoqycqGHRaWkcaWGQbGaeqyYdChaaiaacYcacaqGGaGaeqySdeMaeyypa0Jaae4yaiaabwhacaqG0bGaae4BaiaabAgacaqGMbGaaeiiaiaabAgacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabghacaqG1bGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqGJbGaaeyEaiaab6caaaa@5F6C@ This filter can be implemented in the same way as the low pass filter above.

High-pass filtering with sound

The high-pass filter can be implemented in MATLAB much the same way as the low-pass filter. Perform high-pass filtering with the filter defined above on the sound castanets44m.wav. Start with a = 2000*2*pi , but also try different values.

Play the original and the high-passed version of the sound. The filtered signal may be to be scaled so that both have the same range on the Y-axis. Plot their frequency responses as well.

Sound separation

Sound filtering

  • Kick'n Retro 235 Inc. recorded a session of a trumpet and drum kit together for their new release. The boss doesn't like the bass drum in the background and wants it out. Unfortunately, there was a malfunction in the mixing board and instead of having two separate tracks for the drums and the trumpet, the sounds mixed together in one track. In order to get this release out on time you will have to use some filtering to eliminate the bass drum from the sound. There is not enough time to bring the drummer and trumpet player back in the studio to rerecord the track.
  • Click here to download the mixed.wav sound ( Fs = 8000 Hz). The mixed sound is created from bassdrum.wav, hatclosed.wav, and shake.mat.
  • Try to do something easy but approximate first, and then, if you have more time, see how clean you can get the sound. You may find it helpful to look at the Fourier domain representation of the sounds, but you may not use the individual sounds in your solution.
  • Now try to eliminate the trumpet sound, leaving only the drums left in the sound.
  • Hint: use high-pass and low-pass filtering.
  • Another hint: If you want a more powerful filter, you can try using multiple a/(a+jw) terms in series. Each extra term raises the order of the filter by one and higher order filters have a faster drop-off outside of their passing region.

Bonus problem: sound filtering

  • Imagine you recorded a trumpet and rainstick together, so that you have the signal, mixedsig = shake + 10*rainstick .
  • It turns out the producer thinks the rainstick is too new-age and wants it out of the recording. Pretend you do not have the original signals shake or rainstick. Can you take the signal mixedsig and process it to get (approximately) only the trumpet sound (shake) out? Try to do something easy but approximate first, and then if you have more time, see how good a reproduction of shake you can get. You may find it helpful to look at Fourier domain of the sounds, but you may not use rainstick.mat or shake.mat in your solution.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Continuous time linear systems laboratory (ee 235). OpenStax CNX. Sep 28, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10374/1.8
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