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Social sciences

History

Grade 8

Changing ideas and technology:

The first world war

Module 11

The changing roles of women during the first world war

Activity 1:

To a)discuss the changing roles of women during the first world war,

And b) compare the results of the first world war with conditions today

[lo 1.3, 2.3, 3.4]

READING 1

The First World War was bigger in scope and caused a lot more destruction than any previous war. Heavily armed soldiers fought on land, at sea and in the air for four years. About 8 million soldiers died on the battlefield.

At home the civilians were also aiding the war effort. War supplies needed to be produced and transported to the soldiers in battle. To prevent this, big cities were bombed from the air. Large portions of France, Poland and Belgium, where some of the most important battles were fought, were completely destroyed. Women working on the farms and whose fields were bombed from the air, had to care for themselves, their families and the wounded while still producing enough food to feed the war effort.

Mines and factories were damaged beyond repair. Underfed women and children in the factories had to produce the necessary war supplies and provisions. Many combatants were left destitute by the war and returned to ravaged houses and businesses. The majority of the soldiers were left unable to work, due to poor circumstances and medical services on the battlefield. The traditional roles of the woman as housekeepers, teachers, and nurses were replaced with the roles of businesswomen and farmers.

By 1918 millions of civilians were dying of famine or illness. Then the Great Flu Epidemic broke out. More than twenty million people (more than those who died in the war) died of the flu.

The traditional role of the woman as supporter of the fighting man changed to that of women of the battlefield of survival. Women had to take over the role of breadwinner to support husbands and sons who returned from the war physically or mentally crippled.

READING1 (b)

The most serious social problem facing us today in South Africa is HIV/AIDS. Many children today are born with HIV/AIDS and large portions of the community die from it. The cost of caring for AIDS patients and provision of care to AIDS orphans and victims of AIDS come to millions of rands. As with the First World War, this war has already spread around the globe. HIV/AIDS can be described as a pandemic.

Assignment:

Study source a and complete the table

SOURCE A

AIDS CONCEPTS:

HIV: refers to a deficiency in the human immunity system

AIDS: refers to the immunity deficiency syndrome

EPIDEMIC: the circumstances in which a specific illness spreads quickly

PANDEMIC: refers to the spread of a specific illness at an alarming speed over large areas of the earth

IMMUNE SYSTEM: refers to a person’s ability to fight an illness

Let us compare the statistics from three countries. The numbers are rounded off. In 1997 the total population of South Africa was 43 336 000. Approximately 360 000 people died of AIDS, while in Ethiopia, with a population of 60 148 890, approximately 1 000 000 people died of AIDS. In Zimbabwe, with a population of 11 682 000 , 130 000 people died of AIDS.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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