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Social sciences


Grade 9

Development issues

Module 3

Political background

Approach to development in the rsa

Map of the RSA with former tbvc countries

First step: Development areas

Before we start discussing the issue of development, it is best to get a total picture by looking at the map. Where would you expect to find the most and the least development, and why? Have you ever visited any highly developed as well as totally undeveloped areas? Tell the other learners about it, or write it down, and compare notes.

Now we can broadly divide the country into DEVELOPMENT AREAS or areas where a lot of development has already taken place. By including the former TBVC countries (find out what the latter means), the areas will to a large extent agree with the present nine provinces , i.e.

  1. Western Cape (the present Western Cape and parts of the

Northern Cape) [Western Cape]

  1. Northern Cape (parts of the Western Transvaal and

Bophuthatswana) [Northern Cape]

  1. Orange Free State (Qwaqwa and Bophuthatswana) [Free State]
  2. Eastern Cape (Ciskei/Transkei) [Eastern Cape]
  3. Natal/Kwazulu/Transkei [Kwazulu-Natal]
  4. Mpumalanga (KaNgwane/Lebowa/Gazankulu) [Mpumalanga]
  5. Limpopo (Venda/Lebowa) [Northern Province]
  6. PWV (Bophuthatswana/KwaNdebele) [Gauteng]

Development in Regions 4, 5 and 7 was important, as UNEMPLOYMENT figures were very high. To ensure development, job opportunities were needed and workers needed to be employed to improve their quality of life and earn money to buy the most basic provisions. (What do you regard as vital steps in creating new job opportunities? Why does the government not simply hand out money to the poor? A sensible answer is needed if you intend to take part in planning the future).

Map of the RSA with development centres

Second step: Development of regions/towns

Specific centres of development already exist.

It is important to know where these regions are and to realise that development contributes to the lifestyle and quality of life of the inhabitants of those particular regions. (Give examples.)

Now start your research on the development and activities in regions/towns that are regarded as centres of a specific area. Include the following:

  1. Large urban areas, e.g. four main industrial areas. First decide which areas you would like to study, and why. Then collect information on the locality, history, climate, natural resources, industries, farming, business enterprises, tourism and social development or services (educational institutions, hospitals, organisations, sporting and other activities) in these particular areas. How would you recognise a typical developed landscape? What type of lifestyle do the inhabitants enjoy, and what would they not be familiar with at all? Why? Would you prefer to live in an urban and developed area yourself? Why?
  2. Deconcentration points, e.g. Atlantis (Cape Town); Imbali (Durban); Babelegi (North of Pretoria). “Deconcentration” means that the centres of activity are moving outwards, so that centres of development are no longer concentrated in the urban areas only. “Concentration” happens when everything evolves around a single point, while “deconcentration” means spreading out from one point. In language studies we would call them “opposites”. You should be able to apply this grammatical term to Geography. (Think about other forms of “opposites” or “contrasts” occurring in other countries or regions. You could even try to write a poem on geographical contrasts, or illustrate it in a work of art. It could also serve as a topic for an oral discussion or essay in any of the official languages.)
  3. Discuss the large centralised industrial development areas, e.g. George; Vredenburg-Saldanha; Mafikeng; Queenstown; Richards Bay; etc.
  4. Find out which other industrial centres have potential, but have not yet been fully developed. What do you regard as the possibilities or potential of these particular areas? What type of initiatives would serve to speed up development in such areas? Think of cheaper railway transport, lower electricity tariffs, housing, financial aid, private initiatives by entrepreneurs, etc.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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