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...So, do they?

Slide 5: sometimes, research shows, we see the opposite of "paying it forward"

There is some evidence that some women who have made it do not pay forward; rather, they are harder on and tend to derogate other women.

This phenomenon has been the focus of research and has been dubbed...


Queen bee

Slide 6: the "queen bee phenomenon"

Stain, Tavris, and Jayaratne (1974) coined the term to describe a tendency for women to oppose the progress of other women in an attempt to subvert their success and eliminate competition for limited male attention.

Women may be more likely than men to discriminate against women.

Women see each other as rivals more than do men.

Ellemers (2004): "The queen-bee syndrome tends to affect older faculty members who carved out successful academic careers at a time when this was still an exceptional route for a woman. They may be inclined to fight the rise of other women through the academic "hive" to preserve their hard-won position. Queen bees identify themselves as predominantly masculine and set themselves apart from other women, the research says."

Slide 7: "queen bee" relevant research

  • Broder (1993). In looking at reviews of NSF Economics proposals, female reviewers rated female-authored papers lower than they rated male-authored papers. The result still holds when controlling for institutional affiliation and experience of reviewer.
  • Garcia-Retamero and Lopez-Zafra (2006). Women (but not men) rated a female candidate (with the exact same qualifications) as less qualified than the male candidate.
  • Cooper (1997). Traditional women evaluate women as leaders significantly worse than do nontraditional women.
  • Ellemers (2004). Female scientists believe their junior female colleagues do less work and are less committed to their careers than men, despite the fact that these women produce as much as do men.
  • Toder (1980). Women evaluated women more negatively when men were present than when group was all women.
  • Mathison (1986). Female managers were more critical than assertive female employees than were male managers.
  • Graves and Powell (1995). Female interviewers had more reservations about hiring female applicants than did male interviewers.
  • Ellemers (2001). Women were more likely to hold gender-stereotypical views of their female colleagues than were men.
  • Hebl, King, and Davies (2007). Women were more likely to derogate other women if they were threatened with a lowered self-esteem manipulation.

Slide 8: the "queen bee phenomenon" is more likely to occur when:

  • women are evaluating people of lower status.
  • women are social tokens or very underrepresented.
  • women are threatened, have low self-esteem, or are insecure.
  • women hold very stereotypical views about what is appropriate for women.
  • Experiences?

Slide 9: becoming aware of the "queen bee phenomenon" can not only prevent its occurrence but can also trigger more actions of "paying it forward"

  • This is not to suggest that women give preferential treatment to other women; just that women are mindful of the many ways that they can avoid derogating and that they can encourage other women.

Slide 10: what are your experiences with "paying it forward"?

  • Share 1 - 3 experiences you have had with Paying It Forward, either as an initiator or beneficiary...

Slide 11: what would "paying it forward" look like in academia?

  • Within the Rice STEM community?
  • Within in the overall STEM community?
  • For you personally?
    • As the Pay It Forward initiator?
    • As the Pay It Forward beneficiary?

Slide 12: concluding points

  • It will benefit women in STEM as a whole to "pay it forward" to other women.
  • The "Queen Bee" phenomenon has very detrimental effects to women as a whole.
  • Increased distributions of women into male-dominated societal positions/workforces may reduce the "Queen Bee" phenomenon.
  • As pioneering women have paid it forward for us, we have an obligation to pay it forward to future generations of women.

Slide 13: final conclusion

Pay it Forward!

Pay it forward

Slide 14: the absence of women in stem via eagly (1987) social role theory

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 15: how eagly (1987) social role theory can explain the "queen bee phenomenon"

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 16: why critical mass is important

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 17: "paying it forward" in academia

  • What's the difference between "Paying It Forward" and...
    • Good Mentoring?
    • Being a Good Friend/Colleague?
  • Possible "Pitfalls" of Women "Paying in Forward"
    • Promotes stereotypical "female" behavior?
    • Indirectly "blames" women for gender discrimination?

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, 2007 advance faculty success workshop. OpenStax CNX. Aug 07, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10444/1.4
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