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...So, do they?

Slide 5: sometimes, research shows, we see the opposite of "paying it forward"

There is some evidence that some women who have made it do not pay forward; rather, they are harder on and tend to derogate other women.

This phenomenon has been the focus of research and has been dubbed...


Queen bee

Slide 6: the "queen bee phenomenon"

Stain, Tavris, and Jayaratne (1974) coined the term to describe a tendency for women to oppose the progress of other women in an attempt to subvert their success and eliminate competition for limited male attention.

Women may be more likely than men to discriminate against women.

Women see each other as rivals more than do men.

Ellemers (2004): "The queen-bee syndrome tends to affect older faculty members who carved out successful academic careers at a time when this was still an exceptional route for a woman. They may be inclined to fight the rise of other women through the academic "hive" to preserve their hard-won position. Queen bees identify themselves as predominantly masculine and set themselves apart from other women, the research says."

Slide 7: "queen bee" relevant research

  • Broder (1993). In looking at reviews of NSF Economics proposals, female reviewers rated female-authored papers lower than they rated male-authored papers. The result still holds when controlling for institutional affiliation and experience of reviewer.
  • Garcia-Retamero and Lopez-Zafra (2006). Women (but not men) rated a female candidate (with the exact same qualifications) as less qualified than the male candidate.
  • Cooper (1997). Traditional women evaluate women as leaders significantly worse than do nontraditional women.
  • Ellemers (2004). Female scientists believe their junior female colleagues do less work and are less committed to their careers than men, despite the fact that these women produce as much as do men.
  • Toder (1980). Women evaluated women more negatively when men were present than when group was all women.
  • Mathison (1986). Female managers were more critical than assertive female employees than were male managers.
  • Graves and Powell (1995). Female interviewers had more reservations about hiring female applicants than did male interviewers.
  • Ellemers (2001). Women were more likely to hold gender-stereotypical views of their female colleagues than were men.
  • Hebl, King, and Davies (2007). Women were more likely to derogate other women if they were threatened with a lowered self-esteem manipulation.

Slide 8: the "queen bee phenomenon" is more likely to occur when:

  • women are evaluating people of lower status.
  • women are social tokens or very underrepresented.
  • women are threatened, have low self-esteem, or are insecure.
  • women hold very stereotypical views about what is appropriate for women.
  • Experiences?

Slide 9: becoming aware of the "queen bee phenomenon" can not only prevent its occurrence but can also trigger more actions of "paying it forward"

  • This is not to suggest that women give preferential treatment to other women; just that women are mindful of the many ways that they can avoid derogating and that they can encourage other women.

Slide 10: what are your experiences with "paying it forward"?

  • Share 1 - 3 experiences you have had with Paying It Forward, either as an initiator or beneficiary...

Slide 11: what would "paying it forward" look like in academia?

  • Within the Rice STEM community?
  • Within in the overall STEM community?
  • For you personally?
    • As the Pay It Forward initiator?
    • As the Pay It Forward beneficiary?

Slide 12: concluding points

  • It will benefit women in STEM as a whole to "pay it forward" to other women.
  • The "Queen Bee" phenomenon has very detrimental effects to women as a whole.
  • Increased distributions of women into male-dominated societal positions/workforces may reduce the "Queen Bee" phenomenon.
  • As pioneering women have paid it forward for us, we have an obligation to pay it forward to future generations of women.

Slide 13: final conclusion

Pay it Forward!

Pay it forward

Slide 14: the absence of women in stem via eagly (1987) social role theory

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 15: how eagly (1987) social role theory can explain the "queen bee phenomenon"

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 16: why critical mass is important

Eagly's social role theory

Slide 17: "paying it forward" in academia

  • What's the difference between "Paying It Forward" and...
    • Good Mentoring?
    • Being a Good Friend/Colleague?
  • Possible "Pitfalls" of Women "Paying in Forward"
    • Promotes stereotypical "female" behavior?
    • Indirectly "blames" women for gender discrimination?

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, 2007 advance faculty success workshop. OpenStax CNX. Aug 07, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10444/1.4
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