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Aardrykskunde

Graad 5

Gesondheid en welsyn

Module 34

Siektes: miv/vigs

MIV / VIGS-EMBLEEM

Aktiwiteit 1

Om ‘n konsep te definieer

[lu 1.3]

  • Na ‘n deeglike groepgesprek, formuleer kortliks ‘n definisie vir MIV , asook vir VIGS om die verskil duidelik te maak.

M iv:______________

Vigs:________________

Hierdie siekte het ‘n uitwerking op miljoene mense op ons kontinent alleen – so ook dwarsoor die wêreld. Die feit dat daar nog geen geneesmiddel hiervoor ontdek is nie, maak dit ‘n baie gevreesde siekte.

DIE MIV-VIRUS VEROORSAAK DIE SIEKTE VIGS

Die letters VIGS staan vir

Verworwe

Immuniteits-

Gebrek-

Sindroom

  • Oorsprong en aard:‘n Mens se liggaam het ‘n ingeboude immuniteitstelsel wat hom teen siektes en infeksies help beskerm. Die MIV-virus tas hierdie stelsel aan en verhoed dat dit effektief funksioneer. Die virus kom in die mens se liggaamsvloeistowwe voor en verswak die immuniteitstelsel sodat die liggaam dit moeilik vind om teen siektes soos TB, longontsteking en diarree te baklei. Daar kan slegs deur middel van ‘n bloedtoets vasgestel word of iemand met die virus besmet is.Soos met baie van die ander siektes, versprei Vigs makliker in digbevolkte gebiede, veral waar mense nie gesonde kos inneem nie. Die MIV-virus kan op die volgende maniere van een persoon na ‘n ander oorgedra word:
  • Wanneer ‘n persoon wat met die virus besmet is, onbeskermde seks (sonder die gebruik van ‘n kondoom) met iemand anders het en die semen of vaginale vloeistof met dié van ‘n ander meng.
  • Wanneer die bloed van ‘n besmette persoon met dié van ander meng. Dit kan tydens bloedoortappings gebeur, of as besmette spuitnaalde of skeermeslemme gebruik word.
  • ‘n Swanger vrou wat met die virus besmet is, kan dit na haar baba oordra.

Sedert hierdie gevreesde siekte in ongeveer 1980 vir die eerste keer gediagnoseer is, het dit baie vinnig versprei.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om statistiek met behulp van ‘n grafiek uit te beeld

[lu 1.1; 1.7]

  • Gebruik die volgende statistiese gegewens en stel ‘n blokgrafiek saam om die toename in MIV-gevalle tussen 1990 en 1999 uit te beeld.
Jaar Persentasie mense wat na raming met MIV besmet is
1990 0,7 %
1991 1,7 %
1992 2,2 %
1993 4 %
1994 7,6 %
1995 10,4 %
1996 14,2 %
1997 17 %
1998 22,8 %
1999 22,4 %

(Onthou om duidelike askalibrering en byskrifte, asook ‘n verklarende opskrif, vir jou grafiek te verskaf.)

  • Tipes simptome:
  • ‘n verswakte liggaam wat baie vatbaar is vir ander siektes.
  • Behandeling:

Hoewel vigs nog ‘n ongeneeslike siekte is, kan lyers wel sekere medikasie neem om die simptome te verlig. Die medikasie is egter baie duur.

  • Deurbraak:

Die MIV-virus is ‘n baie slim kalant wat die liggaam stilletjies binnedring en dan die eienskappe van ander liggaamselle aanneem. Sodoende kan dit ongemerk in die liggaam rondbeweeg en die menslike immuniteitselle infekteer. Navorsers aan die Pasteur-instituut in Frankryk voel dat hulle baie naby aan ‘n deurbraak is. Lees die koerantberig en bespreek die inhoud daarvan in jul groepe.

deurbraak in stryd teen vigs kom dalk binnekort

(SAPA-AFP)

In ‘n moontlike deurbraak in die stryd teen MIV/vigs is teenliggaampies gestimuleer wat die MI-virus dalk kan keer om menslike immuniteitselle te infekteer, het Franse navorsers onlangs bekend gemaak.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde graad 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10985/1.2
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