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As schools move away from public administration and management (in their attempts to become self-reliant) towards a more business-like approach of managing their affairs, compliance with the “King Code” becomes a pre requisite. School governing bodies need to realise that they are bound by, and must comply with the stipulations of the South African Schools Act and the Public Finance Management Act. Good governance further seeks to ensure that there is adequate control over the strategic, tactical and operational planning of the school, especially the schools finances and resources, to enable it to achieve its overall objectives. Corporate governance requires an inclusive approach – the school management team on the one hand needs to demonstrate and put into practice honesty, integrity, accountability, responsibility and transparency and the school governing body on the other hand must apply tests of fairness, accountability, responsibility and transparency and must be accountable to both the school and their constituency.

Self-reliant schools

The KwaZulu Natal Department of Education (KZNDoE) has identified seven strategic goals, which must be accomplished in order for the strategic plan, of the current member of the executive committee (MEC) for education, to function. Strategic goal 3 reads as follows: “Transform schools into self-reliant institutions which are community centres life-long learning” [KZNDoE Strategic Plan 2005-2010 (2005; 9)].

According to the Report to Minister (2003; 39): “The South African Schools Act embodies a shift from supply-driven service delivery in schooling, where government decides on how service delivery takes place to a more demand-driven mode, where local communities gain a greater say in how they would like the service delivery that they receive to be structured. One of the intentions of the South African Schools Act, which is based on worldwide trends in education, is for schools to become “self-managed” or “self-reliant” schools. According to the DOE: Self-Managing Schools (2000; 6) self-management in schools is based mainly on two sections of the South African Schools Act:

  • Section 20 – which gives school governing body the power to administer and control the school’s property, buildings and resources.
  • Section 21 – which gives school governing body extra allocated functions to control their own finances and extra-curricular activities.

By default all schools have section 20 functions, which imply that the community (all relevant stakeholders and role players) plays an active role in the “life” of the school, specifically in assisting in the financing of schools. Section 20 of the South African Schools Act [Functions of All Governing Bodies] reads as follows:

20 (1) Subject to this Act, the governing body of a public school must:

20 (1) (a) promote the best interests of the school and strive to ensure its development through the provision of quality education for all learners at the school;

20 (1) (b) adopt a constitution;

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
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Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
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Adin
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Cied
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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