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Section exercises

Verbal

What are the characteristics of the letters that are commonly used to represent vectors?

lowercase, bold letter, usually u , v , w

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How is a vector more specific than a line segment?

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What are i and j , and what do they represent?

They are unit vectors. They are used to represent the horizontal and vertical components of a vector. They each have a magnitude of 1.

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When a unit vector is expressed as a , b , which letter is the coefficient of the i and which the j ?

The first number always represents the coefficient of the i , and the second represents the j .

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Algebraic

Given a vector with initial point ( 5 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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Given a vector with initial point ( 4 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 3 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

7 , 5

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Given a vector with initial point ( 7 , 1 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 7 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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For the following exercises, determine whether the two vectors u and v are equal, where u has an initial point P 1 and a terminal point P 2 and v has an initial point P 3 and a terminal point P 4 .

P 1 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 3 , 2 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 3 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 4 )

not equal

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P 1 = ( 2 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 6 , 1 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 3 )

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P 1 = ( 1 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 4 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 10 , 6 ) , and P 4 = ( 13 , 12 )

equal

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P 1 = ( 3 , 7 ) , P 2 = ( 2 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 2 ) , and P 4 = ( 1 , 4 )

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P 1 = ( 8 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 6 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 11 , 8 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 10 )

equal

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 3 , 1 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 5 , 2 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 6 , 0 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 1 , 3 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

7 i 3 j

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For the following exercises, use the vectors u = i + 5 j , v = −2 i − 3 j ,  and w = 4 i j .

Find 4 v + 2 u

6 i 2 j

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For the following exercises, use the given vectors to compute u + v , u v , and 2 u − 3 v .

u = 2 , 3 , v = 1 , 5

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u = 3 , 4 , v = 2 , 1

u + v = 5 , 5 , u v = 1 , 3 , 2 u 3 v = 0 , 5

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Let v = −4 i + 3 j . Find a vector that is half the length and points in the same direction as v .

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Let v = 5 i + 2 j . Find a vector that is twice the length and points in the opposite direction as v .

10 i 4 j

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For the following exercises, find a unit vector in the same direction as the given vector.

b = −2 i + 5 j

2 29 29 i + 5 29 29 j

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d = 1 3 i + 5 2 j

2 229 229 i + 15 229 229 j

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u = −14 i + 2 j

7 2 10 i + 2 10 j

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For the following exercises, find the magnitude and direction of the vector, 0 θ < 2 π .

6 , 5

| v | = 7.810 , θ = 39.806 °

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−4 , −6

| v | = 7.211 , θ = 236.310°

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Given u = 3 i − 4 j and v = −2 i + 3 j , calculate u v .

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Given u = − i j and v = i + 5 j , calculate u v .

6

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Given u = 2 , 4 and v = 3 , 1 , calculate u v .

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Given u = 1 , 6 and v = 6 , 1 , calculate u v .

12

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Graphical

For the following exercises, given v , draw v , 3 v and 1 2 v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u + v , u v , and 2 u .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch 2 u + v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u − 3 v .

For the following exercises, write the vector shown in component form.

Questions & Answers

sin^4+sin^2=1, prove that tan^2-tan^4+1=0
SAYANTANI Reply
what is the formula used for this question? "Jamal wants to save $54,000 for a down payment on a home. How much will he need to invest in an account with 8.2% APR, compounding daily, in order to reach his goal in 5 years?"
Kuz Reply
i don't need help solving it I just need a memory jogger please.
Kuz
A = P(1 + r/n) ^rt
Dale
how to solve an expression when equal to zero
Mintah Reply
its a very simple
Kavita
gave your expression then i solve
Kavita
Hy guys, I have a problem when it comes on solving equations and expressions, can you help me 😭😭
Thuli
Tomorrow its an revision on factorising and Simplifying...
Thuli
ok sent the quiz
kurash
send
Kavita
Hi
Masum
What is the value of log-1
Masum
the value of log1=0
Kavita
Log(-1)
Masum
What is the value of i^i
Masum
log -1 is 1.36
kurash
No
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
No sister.
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
tan20°×tan30°×tan45°×tan50°×tan60°×tan70°
Joju Reply
jaldi batao
Joju
Find the value of x between 0degree and 360 degree which satisfy the equation 3sinx =tanx
musah Reply
what is sine?
tae Reply
what is the standard form of 1
Sanjana Reply
1×10^0
Akugry
Evalute exponential functions
Sujata Reply
30
Shani
The sides of a triangle are three consecutive natural number numbers and it's largest angle is twice the smallest one. determine the sides of a triangle
Jaya Reply
Will be with you shortly
Inkoom
3, 4, 5 principle from geo? sounds like a 90 and 2 45's to me that my answer
Neese
answer is 2, 3, 4
Gaurav
prove that [a+b, b+c, c+a]= 2[a b c]
Ashutosh Reply
can't prove
Akugry
i can prove [a+b+b+c+c+a]=2[a+b+c]
this is simple
Akugry
hi
Stormzy
x exposant 4 + 4 x exposant 3 + 8 exposant 2 + 4 x + 1 = 0
HERVE Reply
x exposent4+4x exposent3+8x exposent2+4x+1=0
HERVE
How can I solve for a domain and a codomains in a given function?
Oliver Reply
ranges
EDWIN
Thank you I mean range sir.
Oliver
proof for set theory
Kwesi Reply
don't you know?
Inkoom
find to nearest one decimal place of centimeter the length of an arc of circle of radius length 12.5cm and subtending of centeral angle 1.6rad
Martina Reply
factoring polynomial
Noven Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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