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b) Three of the most important problems confronting the government are mentioned in reports 1 to 3. Describe each of these problems in a sentence or two.

c) In report 4 we read about the agreement between the municipal authorities of the City of Cape Town and the O.R. Tambo district municipality in the Eastern Cape. These two authorities understood the problem and made a joint effort to find a solution. In your own words, say what they (1) identified as the problem and (2) how they intend to solve it. (3) Give your own opinion on this approach to the problem. Is this a good or a bad idea? Why?

d) What is the underlying reason for the large-scale permanent migration of people who leave the Eastern Cape to settle in the Western Cape?

2.2 But what about the Eastern Cape? Doesn’t the loss of a large section of its population affect the Eastern Cape?

A lot of attention has been paid to the effect of new residents pouring into the Western Cape. You have just completed an assignment on the reasons for and the solutions to this problem. And you have taken note that dealing with this challenge is not the sole responsibility of the Western Cape! What is the key word to the solution? (c…………….)

Now we are going to look at the effects on areas which had been left behind by so many people.

Activity 5:

To list the effects on community life

[lo 3.2]

b) Churches:

c) Retail:

d) Job availability:

e) Municipal services:

Now decide if such a major loss of inhabitants as an advantage (+) or disadvantage (-) for the area, and write the appropriate symbol in the square provided.

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
GEOGRAPHICAL ENQUIRYThe learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.
Assessment standards(ASe)
We know this when the learner:
1.2 organises and interprets information relevant to the enquiry from simple graphs, maps, and statistical sources [works with sources];
1.5 uses information to suggest answers, propose alternatives and possible solutions [answers the question];
1.6 reports on the inquiry using evidence from the sources including maps, diagrams and graphics; where possible uses computers in the presentation [communicates the answer].
LO 3
EXPLORING ISSUESThe learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 identifies challenges to societies and settlements, with focus on population growth and change [identifies the issue];
3.2 identifies the factors that contribute to population growth and change [factors affecting the issue];
3.3 identifies processes that affect population growth and change in various places [factors affecting the issue];
3.4 suggests ways of responding to issues associated with population growth and change in a particular context [makes choices].

Memorandum

This learning unit has been designed not only to enable learners to understand migration, but also to cultivate an understanding of the people whose lives have been affected most by the phenomenon.

A grade 7 learner cannot be expected to display the insight and decision making skills of an adult. Rather concentrate on cultivating a comprehension of problematic situations instead of looking for solutions.

Activity 1:

  • The Karoo and the North Western Cape (a part of Namaqualand)
  • Gauteng

Activity 2:

Section a

  • the movement of people
  • people who leave the country

c) people who enter the country

Section b

People are looking for a better life (*).

Workers are transferred to work elsewhere.

Workers apply for another job and must then move.

People retire and then settle elsewhere.

People return to areas that were taken from them under the previous political dispensation.

(*) Probably this is the most obvious phenomenon in South Africa, and will be discussed in greater detail later in the module.

Activity 3:

The D represents the powers that cause people to leave rural areas, whereas the U represents the attractions of city life. Where do people want to live?

(a) Factories offer many work opportunities U
(b) Shortage of hospitals D
(c) Enough good schools and short distances to and from school U
(d) Higher salaries and wages in general U
(e) Big variety of entertainment and recreation available U
(f) Big variety of job opportunities available U
(g) Easy to change jobs U
(h) Children mostly far from schools D
(i) Mechanisation leads to fewer job opportunities D
(j) Problems with travelling due to a lack of public transport D
(k) Ample choice of public transport U
(l) Wages too low in some cases D
(m) Too quiet for those who prefer company D
(n) Sufficient health services and hospitals U
(o) Limited job opportunities in small towns D

Activity 1:

a) PEOPLE LOOKING FOR A BETTER LIFE

or

PEOPLE WANT TO ESCAPE FROM POVERTY

b) (1) Presently there are hopelessly too many learners for the schools.

The WCED cannot keep up with building new schools.

  1. The migration patterns are not going to change.

(3) People are erecting shacks in places that are not suitable for building.

In winter the living conditions of people in squatter camps (informal settlements) are critical.

c) (1) Poverty and poor living conditions due to a shortage of job opportunities are the main reasons.

  • The improvement of living conditions of the people of the Eastern Cape is their main purpose. This will be achieved if more jobs are created and ways are found to make the people self supporting.
  • Most learners will probably recognise that it is a good plan. What they must realise is that the plans must be sustainable.

d) POVERTY

Activity2:

a) Schools become empty, or if schools were over utilised, conditions would improve.

b) Church members leave, and churches struggle to meet their commitments.

c) There are fewer clients, as a result shop owners struggle.

d) Because there are fewer job seekers, the remaining people will find odd jobs to do. The situation might arise that there are not enough people to do the work.

e) Municipal services will improve, and because service delivery is poor, less pressure will be exerted.

Questions & Answers

opportunity cost means the lose of other alternatives when the alternative is chosen
saad Reply
is the benefits that you loose by not selecting a certain alternative.
EDWINY
individual wants maybe unlimited, but means to satisfy them are limited there one has to forgo some alternative in order to acquire other alternative and it must according priority, that is when scale of preference set in for individuals to make choice
Rhaiymornd
hello everyone
Aliyu
Next best alternative forgiven
Shoaib
demand is the amount of goods and services that consumer is willing and able to purchase at a particular prices over given period of time
Rhaiymornd Reply
yep
Abraham
what's demand?
labi Reply
What customers want the most...
Abraham
not only what customers wants, want is just mere desire but demand is backed by purchasing power, ability and willingness
Rhaiymornd
thanks
Abraham
What's opportunity cost?
Abraham
what are the differences between demand and supply
Zakariyah Reply
who is called lender of the last resort
Divyanshu Reply
Hi
Linda
hlw
Karishma
Central bank
Majeed
hy
Karishma
Hello
Majeed
hy
Karishma
How are you
Majeed
Am gud
Linda
fine
Karishma
Am gud
Linda
hello
Chandra
Well! what's going on
Majeed
r u study in economics
Karishma
anybody there?
Chandra
r u study in economics
Karishma
the central bank
Sessay
Has completed already
Majeed
hey
neha
yes
Abigail
Yesss
Majeed
ok
Karishma
hey
Doctor
yh
Abigail
more questions
Sessay
how ar you
Doctor
split the price effect into income effect and substitution effect
Karishma
fine and u
Abigail
Hi
Godwin
hi
Hey, I am new here. Hope, discussion on Economics will clear our concepts more.
yasir
yes
Abigail
do u speak hindi or english
Karishma
how to consumer equlibrium through ic
Karishma
consumer equilibrium demand equals supply
Kenneth
the consumer is in equilibrium when the indifference curve is tangential to the budget line. or when the BL and IC intersect
Sessay
reasons indifference curve slopes downwards?
Kenneth
fine Abby any good,
Doctor
ur lost
Doctor
hey. im new year. economics teacher how we can discuss some thing interesting.
EDWINY
which one
Doctor
what do u understand the concept of poverty cycle.
EDWINY
hey
Ebong
I'm New here
Ebong
hi
ian
just new here guy's and also an Economics fresher of Kogi State University Anyigba
nelson
wxup
Ayegba
who can tell the laboratory of economic?
Amara
, Dennis Weissman Associates, LLC Laboratory Economics is the monthly business newsletter that gets behind the headlines and press releases.
Ayegba
sooo teah me what an LLC
Emmanuel
what's the topic
Adamsvictor Reply
economic systems
gracious
hello
Antonio
market
aba
hello where can I find the diagrams
Manu
Hello I am totally out ,I am not understanding why we are here. can someone help me out?
Amara
why Economic is not a pure science can someone help me out
Mohamed
because economics like science put forth a some hypotheses and then do experiments to prove them
Anwesh
but these experiments are not completely controlled
Anwesh
Hello
Comfort
hey
suraj
hi people can you help me out on "demand and supply"
Milton
Am not understanding can someone enlighten me pls
Bertilla
hi people can you help me out on "demand and supply"
Sessay
hello. if Mr.Patrick's income is #900.00 while that of Mr.Shodawe is #1300.00 if Mr.Patrick and Shodowe pay #90.00 and #130.00 as taxes,the tax system is?
Benjamin
I need the answer please
Benjamin
regressive tax system
shaikh
OK thanks
Benjamin
Isn't this called proportional tax rate because the rate stays the same - 10%? Tell me if I'm wrong
Ioan
Supply is perfectly elastic and demand increases.
kishore Reply
whose there
Waseem
show the demand curve
Hameed Reply
it slopes downward from left to right
Ama
how resources are allocated in a free economy
Charlotte Reply
explain how discriminating Monopoly increase profits
Charlotte
factors responsible for the emergence of monopoly situation
adelakun Reply
total output produced by a country over a given period of time .... can someone give me the term plz
TMM Reply
GDP
Anjorin
thaks man
TMM
Woman. 👍👍
Anjorin
gross domestic products
janet
GDP
Bertilla
GDP
Prof
GDP
Bertilla
gross domestic product
gross domestic product
GDp
Mohamed
gdp
agboola
what is recession pertaining to GDP
Prince
what is recession pertaining to GDP
Prince
what is recession
Prince
law of demand and supply
Zakariyah
All thing been equal
Temple
no i think recession is pertaining to GNP
owolabi
gross national production
Abraham
what is embago
Peter
all things being equal
Raphael
embargo restriction on trade by government of a country
owolabi
an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
Ayegba
Embargo.....an order by a common carrier or publ regulatory agency prohibiting or restric freight transportation
Ayegba
it's a complete band on important n export
Bertilla
who is Really Good in Mathematics. put me Through. Let Do Group Reading; am Preparing to Write Jamb this Year.
Andrew
Hi. C+I+G+x-m
Shoaib
Gdp aggregate demand are bit same
Shoaib
Dpd = c+i+g+(x-m) is aggregate demand
Shoaib
Gdp=c+i+g+(x-m) is aggregate demand
Shoaib
GDP= c+i+s+g+(x-m)
Saboor
Topic ended waiting for next topic
Shoaib
What is Terms of Trade (TOT)?
DADA
At what point a Terms of Trade can be favorable?
DADA
What is long run supply curve of a industry
Rashika Reply
enlightened
Ernest
all on board am here
Ernest Reply
am late I missed alot
Ernest
A mixed economy is the best type of an economy.Discuss
Tawanda Reply
Agreed Mixed economics is d combination of both capitalist and socialist economy, it give room for both individual and government to make decisions whereby giving room to a rapid development of d economy.
Anjorin
?
Andres
agreed
Ernest
Explain more about the Macroeconomics
Lizzy Reply
what is macroeconomic
Ekye
macro economics has to do with the of study economics at national level i.e the study of national economy as a whole. While micro is concerned with the study at individual, group or company level.
Andres
Andres explain
Ernest
ok
Ernest
what topic is capitalist economy based on
ADIBE
pls am not really understanding
Bertilla
pls can u explain more
Bertilla
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11021/1.1
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