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Explaining Dishes

Section 1: language focus

1. structures

Describing foods

1. Past Participles used as adjectives

Complete the words in column 2.

The chefs do this(a) mince beef(b) mash potatoes(c) shred cabbage(d) fillet plaice(e) slice mushrooms(f) fry scampi(g) stew lamb(h) grill sardines(i) bake ham The waiter or waitress serves thisminced beefm........potatoes......dd......cabbage...............plaice..........mushrooms......ie..scampi........ lamb...........sardines..........ham


  1. Roast does not take -ed. Sautee can take -ed. Would you like roast chicken and saute/sauteed potatoes?
  2. These words change their spelling:
  • chop - chopped
  • shred - shredded
  • fry - fried

2. The Passive Form

When the waiter and waitress explain a dish, they usually talk only about the food, not about the chefs. In other words, the passive form is often used to describe how things are made.

  • The chefs cook the beef in wine.

The beef is cooked in wine.

  • They poach the cod in milk.

The cod is poached in milk.


1. Rewrite the following sentences using the passive form.

  1. They flavor the soup with herbs.
  2. They stuff the heart with bread, onions, and nuts.
  3. They flavor the chicken with melon.
  4. They serve the smoked salmon with brown bread and butter.
  5. They garnish the soup with small pieces of fried bread.
  6. They fry the vegetables in oil.
  7. They poach the poussins in wine.
  8. They fill the pancakes with cream cheese.
  9. They flavor the dumplings with herbs.
  10. They stuff the tomatoes with fried ham and onion.
  11. They serve the shrimps on a bed of lettuce.
  12. We make French dressing from oil and vinegar.
  13. The restaurant serves lunch from 12 to 3.
  14. The barman makes dry martinis from gin and vermouth.
  15. The wine waiter opens the wine at the table.
  16. The chef makes mornay sauce from flour, milk, butter, cheese and seasoning.
  17. The waiters bring the dishes from the kitchen on trays.

3. quantifiers

Uncountable ingredients

novery little(just) a littlequiet a lot ofa lot of winebuttergarlic....
in it.

Countable ingredients

novery few(just) a fewquiet a lot ofa lot of olivesprawns....
in it.


Choose phrases from B in the chart below to explain the following dishes to customers. Here is the information you need:


Tortilla: a sort of omelet

Main ingredients: eggs and potatoes

Additional ingredients: onion (just a little)

Preparation: slice potatoes, chop onion

Method of cooking: fry in oil

Accompaniment: serve with green salad.


Ratatouille: a sort of vegetables stew.

Main ingredients: tomatoes, aubergines, green peppers, courgettes.

Additional ingredients: oil, butter, garlic.

Preparation: slice main ingredients.

Method of cooking: saute and then stew slowly in the oven.

Accompaniment: serve with boiled potatoes or rice.

3. Look at the following menu from Saigon Palace Restaurant. Work in groups of three or four. Some of you will be customers ordering foods, and the other will be the waiter/waitress taking down the orders.

2. Vocabulary

Food ingredients and recipes


Put the following words into the correct types of ingredients.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Akash Reply
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for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English for tourism. OpenStax CNX. Aug 13, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10770/1.2
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