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Science in the presidential campaign

During the 2008 primary campaigns, the science community seemed intent on reversing trends established during the outgoing Bush administration. The ScienceDebate2008 initiative invited all presidential candidates to publicly debate federal involvement in key science and technology issues. “The National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Institute of Medicine, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Council on Competitiveness, dozens of Nobel laureates and presidents of major universities, former presidential science advisors, and thousands of distinguished scientists, engineers, and concerned citizens joined in the effort [to promote such a debate].” Sheril R. Kirshenbaum, et. al., “Science and Government: Science and the Candidates,” Science (April 11, 2008), 182-85. The community undoubtedly was driven to act in part by the spectacle during one Republican primary debate of seeing nearly all the participants raise their hands when asked if they believed in creationism or intelligent design.

Although neither presidential candidate addressed science and technology directly in any public appearance, both did speak extensively about science- and technology-related issues, including alternative, renewable energy resources, the effects of anthropogenic global climate change, and embryonic stem cell research. Neither candidate publicly addressed the level of federal support for R&D until the September 2008 financial crisis obliged them to declare that budgets during their first year in office would be tight, At the February 2008 annual meeting of the AAAS, a panel discussed the views of the would-be candidates on science and technology-related issues. Senator Hillary Clinton stated during one of the debates among the Democratic candidates that she would, if elected, upgrade the presidential science advisory system. but that federal R&D budgets would not be cut significantly.

Obama sought a great deal of advice on science, most notably from Nobel laureate Harold Varmus, president of the memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and former director of the National Institutes of Health. Varmus reputedly drafted Obama’s answers to an October 2007 Research!America questionnaire in which Obama wrote that he “supports increasing funding at the NIH, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and ‘expanding and accelerating research using stem cell lines.’” Bob Grant, “The Future of U.S. Science Policy,” The Scientist 22 (issue 9), 30-33.

On December 20—earlier than any of his predecessors—Obama announced the selection of his science advisor, to be designated Assistant to the President for Science and Technology: John Holdren, director of the Science, Technology and Public Policy Program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and the Woods Hole Institute.

Future Presidential Science Advisor John Holdren at a January 2008 Energy Roundtable on Capitol Hill. Left to right: Michael Tamor, Phil Schewe, Holdren, Congressman Steve Israel (D-NY), Rosina Bierbaum, and Fred Dylla. Courtesy AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives.

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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