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The research design is aimed at eliciting truthful responses from public school principals, educators and parent governors as they express their experiences on this arguably additional core responsibility and how it impacts on their ability to manage their schools effectively. This is accomplished by generating data via interviews and document analysis with public school principals, educators and parent school governors. The selection of participants and sites proved to be of paramount importance.


According to Cohen, Manion and Morrison (2007; 100) the quality of a piece of research stands or falls not only by the appropriateness of the methodology or instrumentation but also by the sample that has been adopted. Many constraints such as cost and time, to name but two, make it impossible to obtain information from the entire population. This brings about the need to obtain data from a smaller group – this smaller group or subset of the entire population is referred to as a sample. This research study opted to make use of non-probability sampling – purposive sampling – the researcher deliberately (purposely) selects a particular section of the wider population to include in or exclude from the sample [Cohen, et al (2007; 110)].

For the purpose of this study the target population is school principals, educators and parent members of school governing bodies managing ordinary public schools in the Pinetown Education District of which nine schools were purposively selected – the power of purposive sampling lies in selecting information-rich cases for study in-depth – [Patton (2002; 53)].

The composition of the research sites is depicted in the tables below:

Table 7: Research Sites per School Type
Primary Secondary TOTAL
Circuit B 1 2 3
Circuit C 1 2 3
Circuit D 1 2 3
TOTAL 3 6 9
Table 8: Research Sites per Funding Status
Sec 20 Sec 21 TOTAL
Circuit B 1 2 3
Circuit C 0 3 3
Circuit D 2 1 3
TOTAL 3 6 9
Table 9: Research Sites per Gender
Male Female TOTAL
Circuit B 6 3 9
Circuit C 5 4 9
Circuit D 6 3 9
TOTAL 17 10 27
Table 10: Research Sites per Race Group
African Coloured Indian White TOTAL
Circuit B 9 0 0 0 9
Circuit C 0 6 0 3 9
Circuit D 6 0 3 0 9
TOTAL 15 6 3 3 27

The choice of a constructivist approach to the research study obviates the need for the sample (research sites) to be representative of the demographics of the Province of KwaZulu-Natal. Rather the selection of research sites was based on “information-rich” cases.

Ethical considerations

Permission to conduct the interviews in public schools with principals, educators and parents was sought from the Pinetown Education– which was duly granted.

Principals, educators and parents of research sites granted permission for them to be interviewed and permission to record the interviews was obtained prior to the commencement of the interview.

Neuman (2006; 00) explains that research has an ethical-moral dimension in that the researcher has the moral and professional obligation to be ethical even when the researched are unaware about ethics. The basic principles of ethics in research are that the ethical responsibility rests with the researcher and include:

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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