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The research design is aimed at eliciting truthful responses from public school principals, educators and parent governors as they express their experiences on this arguably additional core responsibility and how it impacts on their ability to manage their schools effectively. This is accomplished by generating data via interviews and document analysis with public school principals, educators and parent school governors. The selection of participants and sites proved to be of paramount importance.


According to Cohen, Manion and Morrison (2007; 100) the quality of a piece of research stands or falls not only by the appropriateness of the methodology or instrumentation but also by the sample that has been adopted. Many constraints such as cost and time, to name but two, make it impossible to obtain information from the entire population. This brings about the need to obtain data from a smaller group – this smaller group or subset of the entire population is referred to as a sample. This research study opted to make use of non-probability sampling – purposive sampling – the researcher deliberately (purposely) selects a particular section of the wider population to include in or exclude from the sample [Cohen, et al (2007; 110)].

For the purpose of this study the target population is school principals, educators and parent members of school governing bodies managing ordinary public schools in the Pinetown Education District of which nine schools were purposively selected – the power of purposive sampling lies in selecting information-rich cases for study in-depth – [Patton (2002; 53)].

The composition of the research sites is depicted in the tables below:

Table 7: Research Sites per School Type
Primary Secondary TOTAL
Circuit B 1 2 3
Circuit C 1 2 3
Circuit D 1 2 3
TOTAL 3 6 9
Table 8: Research Sites per Funding Status
Sec 20 Sec 21 TOTAL
Circuit B 1 2 3
Circuit C 0 3 3
Circuit D 2 1 3
TOTAL 3 6 9
Table 9: Research Sites per Gender
Male Female TOTAL
Circuit B 6 3 9
Circuit C 5 4 9
Circuit D 6 3 9
TOTAL 17 10 27
Table 10: Research Sites per Race Group
African Coloured Indian White TOTAL
Circuit B 9 0 0 0 9
Circuit C 0 6 0 3 9
Circuit D 6 0 3 0 9
TOTAL 15 6 3 3 27

The choice of a constructivist approach to the research study obviates the need for the sample (research sites) to be representative of the demographics of the Province of KwaZulu-Natal. Rather the selection of research sites was based on “information-rich” cases.

Ethical considerations

Permission to conduct the interviews in public schools with principals, educators and parents was sought from the Pinetown Education– which was duly granted.

Principals, educators and parents of research sites granted permission for them to be interviewed and permission to record the interviews was obtained prior to the commencement of the interview.

Neuman (2006; 00) explains that research has an ethical-moral dimension in that the researcher has the moral and professional obligation to be ethical even when the researched are unaware about ethics. The basic principles of ethics in research are that the ethical responsibility rests with the researcher and include:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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