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Writing your own methods

As mentioned earlier, you can write your own methods in Java. I mention this here so you will know that it is possible. I will have more to say about writing your own methods in futuremodules.

Sample program

A complete listing of a sample program named SqRt01.java is provided in Listing 5 near the end of the lesson. A batch file that you can use to compile and run the program is provided in Listing 6 .

When you compile and run the program, the following output should appear on your computer screen:

5.049752469181039 6.0

As you will see shortly, these are the square root values respectively for 25.5 and 36.

Interesting code fragments

I will explain portions of this program in fragments. I will explain only those portions of the program that are germane to this module. Don't worry about the other details of the program. You will learn about those details infuture modules.

You may find it useful to open this lesson in another browser window so that you can easily scroll back and forth among the fragments while reading the discussion.

The first code fragment that I will explain is shown in Listing 1 .

Listing 1 . The price of beans.
double beans; beans = 25.5;

What is the price of beans?

The code fragment shown in Listing 1 declares a variable named beans and assigns a value of 25.5 to the variable. (I briefly discussed the declaration of variables in a previous module. I will discuss them in more detail in a future module.)

What is that double thing?

In an earlier module, I declared a variable with a type named int . At that time, I explained that only integer values could be stored in that variable.

The variable named beans in Listing 1 is declared to be of the type double . I will explain the concept of data types in detail in a future module. Briefly, double means that you can store any numeric value in this variable, with or without adecimal part. In other words, you can store a value of 3 or a value of 3.33 in this variable, whereas a variable with a declared type of int won't accept a value of 3.33.

Every method has a name

Every method, every variable, and some other things as well have names. The names in Java are case sensitive . By case sensitive, I mean that the method named amethod is not the same as the method named aMethod .

A few words about names in Java

There are several rules that define the format of allowable names in Java. You can dig into this in more detail on the web if you like, but if you followthese two rules, you will be okay:

  • Use only letters and numbers in Java names.
  • Always make the first character a letter.

A standard method named sqrt

Java provides a Math library that contains many standard methods. Included in those methods is a method named sqrt that will calculate and return the square root of a number that is passed as a parameter when the method iscalled.

The sqrt method is called on the right-hand side of the equal sign (=) in the code fragment in Listing 2 .

Listing 2 . Compute the square root of the price of beans.
double sqRtBns = Math.sqrt(beans);

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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