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Various numeric representations

The block labeled sqrt will deliver about a dozen different representations of numeric values, depending on what is selected from thepull-down list. This includes the square root, trigonometric functions, absolute value, etc.

Rounding a number

Finally, the block labeled round will round a decimal number to the nearest whole number.

Drag and drop the plus and minus operators

Image 4 shows the result of dragging the top two green blocks from the left panel and dropping them into the white boxes in the bottomtwo orange variable blocks in the center panel of Image 3 .

Image 4. result of dropping addition and subtraction operators into variable blocks.

Missing image.
Image 4. Result of dropping addition and subtraction operators into variable blocks.

A few more steps are required

If you compare Image 4 with Image 2 , you will see that Image 4 is close to what we need but we aren't quite there yet. In order to causethe bottom two blocks in the center panel in Image 4 to match the bottom two blocks in Image 2 , we need to do the following:

  • Click the orange Variables button in the upper left of Image 4 to expose the variables as shown in Image 1 .
  • Drag the blocks for the variables named LeftOperand and RightOperand from the left panel and drop them into the white boxes in the bottom two blocks in Image 4 to make them match the bottom two blocks in Image 2 .

That's the solution. The upper left portion of your Stage area should now look similar to Image 5 . Note however that you may need to use the mouse to arrange the four variables and the button to get your Stage arrangedlike Image 5 .

Image 5. stage area of the finished program.

Missing image.
Image 5. Stage area of the finished program.

Operation of the program

Once you reach this point, you can click the green flag to initialize all four variables to zero.

Then you can move the sliders back and forth to manually set the values for the variables named LeftOperand and RightOperand .

Then when you click the button at the bottom of Image 5 , the variable named Sum will display the sum of the values of the top two variables, and the variable named Diff will display the value of LeftOperand minus the value of RightOperand .

An online version of this program is available

A copy of this program has been posted online for your review (see Resources for the URL) . If you don't find the program using that URL, search the Scratch site for the usernamed dbal.

Run the program

I encourage you to use the information provided above to write this program. Experiment with the code, making changes, and observing the results of yourchanges. Make certain that you can explain why your changes behave as they do.

Just for fun, move the button a little to the right and cause it to say Ouch for about five seconds each time you click it as shown in Image 6 . Hint: See the purple button labeled Looks in Image 3 .

Image 6. making the button say ouch.

Missing image.
Image 6. Making the button say ouch.

I also encourage you to write the program described below.

Student programming project

Write a Scratch program named Arithmetic02 that produces the output shown in Image 7 when the user adjusts the sliders to the values shown and clicks the button. Make the word Ouch! appear and then go away after about five seconds.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Teaching beginners to code. OpenStax CNX. May 27, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11498/1.20
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