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Life orientation

Grade 4

Good health

Module 5

Road safety

Road safety: Traffic rules for pedestrians and cyclists

We often read about accidents involving scholars on their way to school either on foot or on their bicycles. Many of these accidents can be prevented if children (and their parents) are familiar with and obey traffic rules.

These are a few of the basic rules that pedestrians must obey

Before crossing the street, first look to your right, then to your left and then to the right again to make sure that there aren’t any vehicles approaching and then cross the street.

When crossing a busy street, it should be done at a robot or stop street, and not just any place.

Cross a street at the zebra pedestrian crossing, or at a scholar patrol crossing if it is available.

Always walk on the sidewalk and not in the street. Where there isn’t a sidewalk or a safety strip alongside the road, walk briskly on the shoulder of the road as far as possible away from the traffic, facing the approaching vehicles (i.e. on the right-hand side).

Be very careful at driveways for vehicles.

Do not play ball games or chase one another near or in a motor road.

A few rules that cyclists must remember

Make sure that your bicycle is roadworthy.

Your bicycle must have a bell.

When you are riding at dusk or in the dark, your bicycle must have a light.

Always wear a crash helmet. It protects your head (and brain) if you fall or are involved in an accident. It could save your life.

Ride as far as possible only along bicycle paths.

Plan your route to school and choose the safest route and not necessarily the shortest route.

Never ride alongside your friend, but ride behind each other.

Give clear and correct hand signals when you want to turn.

Never perform tricks when there is traffic on the road.

Activity 1

To draw a road map for cyclists [LO 1.4]

Draw a road map for cyclists or motorcars of the streets in the immediate vicinity of the school. The following must be indicated or drawn where applicable:

  • The school
  • The entrances to the school
  • Sidewalks or safe walking areas for pedestrians
  • The bus stop or taxi rank
  • Scholar patrol crossing
  • Zebra pedestrian crossing
  • Traffic lights
  • Stop streets
  • Parking areas
  • Bicycle routes
  • Bicycle shed
  • Traffic official on duty during peak hour traffic

Draw arrows with a green pen or colour pencil to indicate the safest route for pedestrians, and indicate the safest route for cyclists in purple. Red crosses indicate danger zones on the route.


1 2 3 4
Correct identification of dangerous areas
Accuracy of “map work”
Execution of assignment
Additional mark for creativity and originality



The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.4 lists and explains traffic rules relevant to road users.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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