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Life orientation

Grade 4

Good health

Module 5

Road safety

Road safety: Traffic rules for pedestrians and cyclists

We often read about accidents involving scholars on their way to school either on foot or on their bicycles. Many of these accidents can be prevented if children (and their parents) are familiar with and obey traffic rules.

These are a few of the basic rules that pedestrians must obey

Before crossing the street, first look to your right, then to your left and then to the right again to make sure that there aren’t any vehicles approaching and then cross the street.

When crossing a busy street, it should be done at a robot or stop street, and not just any place.

Cross a street at the zebra pedestrian crossing, or at a scholar patrol crossing if it is available.

Always walk on the sidewalk and not in the street. Where there isn’t a sidewalk or a safety strip alongside the road, walk briskly on the shoulder of the road as far as possible away from the traffic, facing the approaching vehicles (i.e. on the right-hand side).

Be very careful at driveways for vehicles.

Do not play ball games or chase one another near or in a motor road.

A few rules that cyclists must remember

Make sure that your bicycle is roadworthy.

Your bicycle must have a bell.

When you are riding at dusk or in the dark, your bicycle must have a light.

Always wear a crash helmet. It protects your head (and brain) if you fall or are involved in an accident. It could save your life.

Ride as far as possible only along bicycle paths.

Plan your route to school and choose the safest route and not necessarily the shortest route.

Never ride alongside your friend, but ride behind each other.

Give clear and correct hand signals when you want to turn.

Never perform tricks when there is traffic on the road.

Activity 1

To draw a road map for cyclists [LO 1.4]

Draw a road map for cyclists or motorcars of the streets in the immediate vicinity of the school. The following must be indicated or drawn where applicable:

  • The school
  • The entrances to the school
  • Sidewalks or safe walking areas for pedestrians
  • The bus stop or taxi rank
  • Scholar patrol crossing
  • Zebra pedestrian crossing
  • Traffic lights
  • Stop streets
  • Parking areas
  • Bicycle routes
  • Bicycle shed
  • Traffic official on duty during peak hour traffic

Draw arrows with a green pen or colour pencil to indicate the safest route for pedestrians, and indicate the safest route for cyclists in purple. Red crosses indicate danger zones on the route.

Assessment

1 2 3 4
Correct identification of dangerous areas
Accuracy of “map work”
Execution of assignment
Neatness
Additional mark for creativity and originality

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HEALTH PROMOTION

The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.4 lists and explains traffic rules relevant to road users.

Questions & Answers

general equation for photosynthesis
Ojasope Reply
6CO2 + 6H2O + solar energy= C6H1206+ 6O2
Anastasiya
meaning of amino Acids
AJAYI Reply
a diagram of an adult mosquito
mubarak Reply
what are white blood cells
Mlungisi Reply
white blood cell is part of the immune system. that help fight the infection.
MG
what about tissue celss
Mlungisi
Cells with a similar function, form a tissue. For example the nervous tissue is composed by cells:neurons and glia cells. Muscle tissue, is composed by different cells.
Anastasiya
I need further explanation coz celewi anything guys,,,
Calvin Reply
hey guys
Isala
on what?
Anastasiya
hie
Lish
is air homogenous or hetrogenous
damiane Reply
homogenous
Kevin
why saying homogenous?
Isala
explain if oxygen is necessary for photosynthesis
Allice Reply
explain if oxygen is necessary for photosynthesis
Allice Reply
Yes, the plant does need oxygen. The plant uses oxygen, water, light, and produced food. The plant use process called photosynthesis.
MG
By using the energy of sunlight, plants convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates and oxygen by photosynthesis. This happens during the day and sunlight is needed.
NOBLE
no. it s a product of the process
Anastasiya
yet still is it needed?
NOBLE
no. The reaction is: 6CO2+6H20+ solar energy =C6H12O6(glucose)+602. The plant requires Carbon dioxyde, light, and water Only, and produces glucose and oxygen( which is a waste).
Anastasiya
what was the question
NOBLE Reply
joining
Godfrey
the specific one
NOBLE
the study of non and living organism is called.
Godfrey
Is call biology
Alohan
yeah
NOBLE
yes
Usher
what Is ecology
Musonda Reply
what is a cell
Emmanuel Reply
A cell is a basic structure and functional unit of life
Ndongya
what is biolgy
Hawwi Reply
is the study of living and non living organisms
Ahmed
may u draw the female organ
MARTIN Reply
i dont understand
Asal
:/
Asal
me too
DAVID
anabolism and catabolism
Sani Reply
Anabolism refers to the process in methabolism in which complex molecules are formed "built" and requires energy to happen. Catabolism is the opposite process: complex molecules are deconstructed releasing energy, such as during glicolysis.
Anastasiya
Explain briefly independent assortment gene .
Otu Reply
hi
Amargo
hi I'm Anatalia
Joy
what do you mean by pituitary gland
Digambar
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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