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Restricted access containers provided encapsulated storage of information for algorithms where the storage is decoupled from the details of insertion and removal of data from the storage.

Introduction

Stacks and queues are examples of containers with special insertion and removal behaviors and a special access behavior.

Insertion and removal in a stack must be carried out in such a way that the last data inserted is the first one to be removed.  One can only retrieve and remove a data element from a stack by way of special access point called the "top".  Traditionally, the insertion and removal methods for a stack are called push and pop, respectively. push inserts a data element at the top of the stack. pop removes and returns the data element at the top of the stack. A stack is used to model systems that exhibit LIFO (Last In First Out) insert/removal behavior. 

Data insertion and removal in a queue must be carried out in such a way that the first one to be inserted is the first one to be removed.  One can only retrieve and remove a data element from a queue by way of special access point called the "front". Traditionally, the insertion and removal methods for a queue are called enqueue and dequeue , respectively. enqueue inserts a data element at the "end" of the queue. dequeue removes and returns the data element at the front of the queue. A queue is used to model systems that exhibit FIFO (First In First Out) insertion/removal behavior. For example, one can model a movie ticket line by a queue.

We abstract the behaviors of special containers such as stacks and queues into an interface called IRAContainer specified as follows.

Restricted access containers

Iracontainer.java

package rac; import listFW.*;/** * Defines the interface for a restricted access container.*/ public interface IRAContainer {/** * Empty the container.* NOTE: This implies a state change. * This behavior can be achieved by repeatedly removing elements from this IRAContainer.* It is specified here as a convenience to the client. */public void clear(); /*** Return TRUE if the container is empty; otherwise, return * FALSE.*/ public boolean isEmpty();/** * Return TRUE if the container is full; otherwise, return* FALSE. */public boolean isFull(); /*** Return an immutable list of all elements in the container. * @param fact for manufacturing an IList.*/ public IList elements(IListFactory fact);/** * Remove the next item from the container and return it.* NOTE: This implies a state change. * @throw an Exception if this IRAContainer is empty.*/ public Object get();/** * Add an item to the container.* NOTE: This implies a state change. * @param input the Object to be added to this IRAContainer.* @throw an Exception if this IRAContainer is full. */public void put(Object input); /*** Return the next element in this IRAContainer withour removing it. * @throw an Exception if this IRAContainer is empty.*/ public Object peek();}

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Principles of object-oriented programming. OpenStax CNX. May 10, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10213/1.37
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