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This module provides study questions for the midterm exam for the courses, "Responsible Research in Appropriate Technology" and "Business, Government, and Society." The exam questions will be either similar to or taken from those provided. Students are also invited to contribute their own questions based on what they think should be covered or emphasized in the exam.

Responsible research: research misconduct

Plagiarism is considered one of the primary instances of research misconduct. In the presentation, The Grey World, plagiarism is defined as Plagio: La apropiación de las ideas o resultados de otras personas sin su autorización o sin dar crédito por la tarea realizada .

  • Is this definition adequate for all instances of plagiarism?
  • Are all instances of plagiarism also instances where copyright has been violated?
  • Why is avoiding plagiarism important for the responsible conduct of research?

Irbs and the belmont report

In its discussion of research involving human subject, the Belmont Report outlines three principles: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Working with these principles, the Report's authors derive three framework considerations for evaluating research projects: informed consent, risk-benefits analysis, and selection of subjects. In this question, you will demonstrate an active knowledge of these three principles by deploying a framework based on using informed consent, risk-benefits analysis, and selection of subjects (avoiding unjust discrimination).

  • Before the Milgram experiments were carried out, a group of psychologists were asked to predict how many teachers/subjects would go all the way to the end and give the learner what they thought were life-threatening and highly painful shocks. The consensus was that most would stop the experiment early on when the learner first began to protest. But the actual results went contrary to these predictions. Over 60 percent of the teachers went all the way and gave the learner the maximum shock.
  • Milgram argued that his research demonstrated a propensity to delegate moral authority for one’s immoral actions to those in positions of power and authority. Proving this hypothesis through his experiments would seem to contribute greatly to social welfare and wellbeing; it would seem important to know this important fact about human behavior.
  • Using the principles and framework provided by the Belmont Report and playing the role of a member of an Institutional Review Board, do you think that these experiments satisfy the basic requirements of IRBs?

    Helpful considerations

  • Milgram's experiment involves a deception. What are the ethical implications of this deception according to the Belmont Report's framework?
  • Milgram argued that his experiment would cause temporary discomfort to the subjects but that this would be remedied in post-experiment interviews and debriefings. Do you think that this is a realistic claim?
  • Do the framework rules of informed consent and beneficence conflict with one another in judging the acceptability of this experiment. If so, what can be done to address this conflict?

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Business, government, and society. OpenStax CNX. Mar 04, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10560/1.6
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