<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


By any standard, investment in an American cyberinfrastructure is meager, as is U.S. research funding ingeneral.

According to Vinton Cerf and Harris N. Miller in the Wall Street Journal (27 July 2005), “our totalnational spending on R&D is 2.7% of our GDP, and now ranks only sixth in the world. The federal government's share of totalnational R&D spending has fallen from 66% in 1964 to 25%” in 2005.
In 2003 the Atkins report recommended annual expenditures of $1 billion to create a cyberinfrastructure forscience and engineering; in 2005 funding specifically designated to shared cyberinfrastructure at the National Science Foundation (NSF)was about $123 million. On a per capita basis, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom and other European countries have madeproportionally much greater investments in developing a broadly accessible cyberinfrastructure than has the United States. Thecountries of the European Union arguably are far ahead of the United States, especially in the humanities and social sciencesareas, given their recent investments in digital cultural heritage.
See, e.g., these recent publications, which describe serious investment in humanities and social sciencescyberinfrastructure in the United Kingdom and the European Union: British Academy, E-resources for Research in the Humanities andSocial Sciences—A British Academy Policy Review (2005) (External Link) (20 May 2005).British Academy, Future Directions for Social Science: AResponse from the British Academy (2004) (External Link) (20 May 2005).Guntram Geser and John Pereira, eds. (2004a). ResourceDiscovery Technologies for the Heritage Sector (Vol. 6): European Commission.Guntram Geser and John Pereira, eds. (2004b). VirtualCommunities and Collaboration in the Heritage Sector (Vol. 5): European Commission.J. M. Jose (2004). Personalization techniquesin information retrieval. Resource Discovery Technologies for the Heritage Secto, ed. Guntram Geser and John Pereira, EuropeanCommission. DigiCULT Thematic Issue 6.S. Ross, M. Donnelly, and M. Dobreva (2004). Emerging Technologies for the Cultural andScientific Heritage Sector (Vol. 2): European Commission.S. Ross, M. Donnelly, M. Dobreva, D. Abbott, A. McHugh, and A. Rusbridge(2005). Core Technologies for the Cultural and Scientific Heritage Sector (Vol. 3): European Commission.British Academy, 'That FullComplement of Riches': The Contribution of the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences to the Nation's Wealth (2004) (External Link) (23 Aug. 2005).

One example of the kind of resource we need to develop here in the United States is the UK Data Archive, a “centreof expertise in data acquisition, preservation, dissemination and promotion and . . . curator of the largest collection of digitaldata in the social sciences and humanities in the UK.” The Data Archive is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council(ESRC), the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the Higher Education Funding Councils, and the University of Essex.

UK Data Archive, (External Link) .

Questions & Answers

current economic plans (MDGS) needs
Ajijola Reply
I don't know what is happening
What is economic
Joeali Reply
What is the importance of study economics
Economic is the study of how humans make decisions in face of sacristy
economics is the study of how humans makes decision in the face of scarcity
economics is the study of human behaviour when faced with difficult situation example when goods and services are scarcity.
what is Economic
Dauda Reply
what is 4ps of economic?
thomas Reply
production place Price product
Criticism of elasticity
Siddikur Reply
what is unemployment
Gyamfi Reply
ohk thanks
why is unemployment rapid in the country
I need more explanation
what is unemployment
Munanag Reply
not working
some one who is willing qualified to work but can't find job
Bethel...explain? please
some one who is willing to work but can't find job
Yes true
which one please
unemployment refers to the ability for someone who is capable and willing to work but could not find a job..
some one who not able to find a job
please what is the secret of learning?
What is stock market?
JOHN Reply
explain the various types of cost curve
Ruth Reply
Short-run average fixed cost (SRAFC) Short-run average total cost (SRAC or SRATC) Short-run average variable cost (AVC or SRAVC) Short-run fixed cost (FC or SRFC) Short-run marginal cost (SRMC) Short-run total cost (SRTC)
what's economic development and growth
Popoola Reply
what do you understand by Ceteris Paribus?
Gabriel Reply
the external factor will remained constant, except the price
everything being equal
explain the uses of microeconomics
Nikita Reply
uses of microeconomics
Adam Smith's definition of economics
Sylvia Reply
what is economic deficit
this is a situation whereby a nation's outcome or available resources are not enough to the people thereby causing scarcity
prices of Quality demanded is equal to Quality supplied
it's quantity demand and quantity supplied that's called equilibrium
they deal With prices
define the elasticity
explain different types of elasticity
oops 😬 you are right you talk about quality I tell about quantity
elasticity is the measurement of the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a change in another
Cross Elasticity of Demand (XED) Income Elasticity of Demand (YED) Price Elasticity of Supply (PES)
anything else?
I need to know everything about theory of consumer behavior
Romy, what is microeconomic?
What is Economic please
Thomas, microeconomics is the study of how consumers, workers, and firms interact to generate outcomes in specific markets
Dauda, economics is the study of people and choices. it is on one side the study of wealth and on the more important side, a part of the study if man
How does one analyze a market where both demand and supply shift?
Gabriel Reply
That's equilibrium market
but an equlibrum can appear twice on the same market... both in Movement along the Demand/supply curve of shift in the Curve
I Mean on the same curve..
how can consumer surplus be calculated
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play

Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the '"our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences' conversation and receive update notifications?