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Research questions

This study did not formally conceptualize hypotheses concerning the potential interactions of cultural influences in Appalachia with principals’ sense of efficacy. The comprehensive question that guided the study was whether principals in southern West Virginia believe their efficacy in performing their job is affected by cultural features that are often considered unique to the Appalachian region. The following specific questions were included:

1. Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the influence of localism?

2.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the influence of historicism?

3.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the influence of familism?

4.    Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the influence the rural nature and culture of the region?

5.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the belief held by students that they can obtain a good education and succeed in life?

6.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception of the belief of teachers that students can succeed in school and in life?

7.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception that parents believe a good education will provide opportunities for their children to succeed in life?

8.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and perception that the school community is one that promotes education and places a high value on student success?

9.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and being a native of West Virginia?

10.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and being a native of the community in which the principal works?

11.   Is there a relationship between a principal’s sense of efficacy and whether the school achieves adequate yearly progress (AYP)?

The study

Participants

The target population for the study was principals of schools in fourteen southern counties of West Virginia: Boone, Fayette, Greenbrier, Lincoln, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, Mingo, Monroe, Nicholas, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Summers, and Wyoming. The principals were contacted by e-mail and asked to complete a survey through the on-line instrument Survey Monkey. Surveys were sent to 180 principals. Eighty-two surveys were completed and returned with a response rate of 45.6%. Some demographics were gathered on the principals who responded: 80.7% of the principals were natives of West Virginia with 44.6% serving schools in their native communities; 54.2% had been in their schools six or more years, while 9.6% had been in their school for one year or less. Principals were asked to indicate if the school had made adequate yearly progress (AYP) for the last two years in standardized testing (West Virginia Educational Standards Test or WESTEST). Fifty-eight responded for 2009-10 with 84.5% indicating they had made AYP. For 2008-09, forty-one answered the question with 61.0% indicated they had made AYP.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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