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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The story of your province

Module 4

Research project on your province

This is a self-study task to test your ability to apply sources. The exercise on Broederstroom beforehand will help a lot!


From : C. Malherbe (et al.), Nuwe leefwyse, Nuwe landskap , p. 32.

Archaeologists have found the remains of many villages which were built during the same period. Broederstroom was inhabited between A.D. 350 - 600. The site was discovered after a thorough search of the area by archaeologists linked to the University of the Witwatersrand. They found the remains of round houses with clay floors, the largest being about 6 m in diameter. Clay pots of different shapes and sizes were also found. Iron ore found lying nearby indicated that forging was done on the site. The environment of the Broederstroom site is bushy. There is sufficient water in the area, and there are grasslands within reach.


To discover new facts and opinions

[lo 1.2]

True or False
1. Broederstroom is situated in Natal. [See map of black agriculturalists!].
2. These inhabitants mainly kept stock.
3. The first inhabitants built their houses in the southern part of the village.
4. Broederstroom later developed towards the east.
5. By A.D. 600 the villages were uninhabited and overgrown. Still, the walls remained.

(a) Study the above information and see if you can distinguish between fact and fiction.

(b) Study the sketches below and then explain the use of the objects to your friend. Supply the relevant facts.

(c) Cattle was very important to the early farmers. If you connect the words in column A and column B correctly, you will see why:

Cattle Clothes and shields
Meat Containers
Skin Food for special occasions
Horns Plastering clay
Dung Sign of wealth and status

(d) Now draw your own sketches to indicate how the duties of women and men differed. (Hint: avoid opinions!)


These early farmers were skilled in the art of firing clay objects and in weaving. Design your own cooking pot from clay or a woven mat. Invite someone to demonstrate these crafts in class.

(e) Your teacher is going to give you a short research assignment on your province.


LO 1

HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 finds sources:

with guidance, selects sources useful for finding information on the past (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.2 works with sources:

records and categorises information from a variety of sources (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.3 answers the question:

  • continues to use information from sources to answer questions about people, events, objects, and places in the past.



a) Opinion: North West Province (previously South-Western Transvaal)


Opinion: North-Westerly direction


Opinion: Floors and foundations remain intact

b) 1. Cultivator

2. Hoarding place (maize, wheat)

3. Axe head

c) Cattle: Wealth and status

Meat: Meal

Hide: Clothing and shields

Horn: Containers

Dung: Plastering clay

d) Men: Hunt, look after the cattle, protect family and belongings, plough, manufacture weapons, build huts

Women: Gatherers, tillers, potters, plait baskets and mats, prepare food, keep the huts clean, plant and harvest, repair roofs.

Questions & Answers

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Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
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there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
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are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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