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The development of expertise in fostering equity through professional development often means integrating traditional skills taught in principal preparation programs with value-added skills for equity and social justice. For example, Gleason (2010) adds to the basics of professional development (time, content, appropriate processes, supportive contexts) three additional elements for social justice: a focus on the marginalized, using data to understand how diverse groups learn, and measuring the impact of professional learning on the underserved. Value-added content should be integrated across the principal preparation program. To general research on school improvement must be added research on improvement of schools serving underrepresented groups; to the study of curriculum development must be added examination of the Eurocentric curriculum and the need for a multicultural curriculum; to clinical supervision skills must be added skills for gathering observation data and providing feedback on teachers’ efforts to develop culturally responsive pedagogy, and so on.


I place relationship in the center of Figure 2 because I consider relationship the most important part of the model both in pre-service principals’ learning about and in-service principals’ work for equity and social justice (Theoharis, 2007). For an example of building relationships for equity and social justice, let us return to Faith, the culturally responsive leader in Madhlangobe’s (2009) study. Relationship building was Faith’s primary vehicle for culturally responsive leadership. Faith’s other leadership strategies flowed from her relationship building. Although Faith’s personal relationships solved many problems and prevented many others, the really transformational nature of her work was the fostering of others’ relationships: relationships among teachers, between teachers and students, between teachers and parents, among students, and so on.

Faith used a variety of strategies to develop relationships, including (a) empathizing with others, (b) reducing anxiety among teachers and students, (c) respecting others, (d) inspiring responsibility and commitment in others, (e) using humor, (f) being approachable, (g) organizing student testimonies on the power of relationship, (h) demonstrating compassion, and (i) being diplomatic. Running through each of Faith’s strategies was the importance of dialogue in relationship building. Faith continuously engaged in dialogue with students, teachers, parents, and community members, and continuously encouraged dialogue among others.

It makes sense to share strategies like Faith’s with pre-service principals, and to engage students in the type of dialogue that will increase the chances of those strategies being successful in PK-12 schools. However, we need to be careful about what we mean by dialogue for equity and social justice. Some forms of “critical dialogue” can be divisive, pitting students against each other, causing some students to be silenced, and leading to animosity between groups and individuals. It is important, then, for principals to understand what authentic dialogue is all about.

Questions & Answers

Apply social psychology on real life in Nigerian universities campus
tyosaa Reply
what is the meaning of an idiosyncratic pattern
Krystle Reply
I am here for the first time just here to learn...
michael Reply
hi I'm new on here first time
hi,am new here
what is this group all about
Suppose an individual with OCD experiences obsessive thoughts about germs, contamination, and disease whenever she encounters a doorknob. What might have constituted a viable unconditioned stimulus? 
la Reply
What are factors that influence learning?
Enos Reply
Environment Heredity(I am not sure about heredity)
Helpful. .. thanks
Sure, anytime
I have other questions also
Based on the factors affecting learning, how do we improve learning
I think that addressing that everyone learns in their own time
Peer group influence can also be another reason
Also knowing what's going on at home. what pressure are the parents putting on them.
am I close or no
also is there a lack of care? going one more step. with peer groups do an activity that shows how much they have in common
under what schedule of reinforcement do animals learn from ?
Phelisa Reply
the role of emotional intelligence in a courtship behavior
Caren Reply
describe the task and roles of industrial psychologist in solving the problems
Solomzi Reply
hi I'm Vaishnavi and I'm new to psychology:)
Vaishnavi Reply
what is motivation
Muhammad Reply
getting passionate about something and strive for success
observation and method based
Winter Reply
the meaning of science
soul is the Greek word for psyche
psychology is scientific research of the human brain.
Psychology is a study of human mind and behaviour
psychology is a social science which aim at studying the mind as it affect the behavior of an individual.
write and explain four psychosexual stages of personality development
I'm asking on behalf of someone How can a guy get over his weakness for girls? Like the person have soft spot for every girl and he thinks he love them then suddenly stuff change.... Like a switch
Ajayi Reply
whats the age of the boy?
16 or 17
lol. it gets over with time. it's not something that can be changed instantly. and for teenagers.. anyone of opposite sex is a tasty lollipop.
yes in time it will go away but could also take years
maybe because he doesn't really have mind of making decisions at the moment on what he need and what he doesn't want
maybe he's trying to find someone to love because he's either lacked loved and feel that's the only way to feel loved or he's lonely and feels a girl can make it better . either he's got deal with the core issue
its natural. I think it should be like this. girls also have weakness toward guys. but you can overcome on few things like concept of beauty. first step is realisation which will grow in you. also discipline help in these things.
what are cluster A disease?
Saee Reply
because psychology is a natural science as well as a science. it's a interdisciplinary subject
Kamakshi Reply
yes absolutely we cabt out Psychology completely into science dur to its various measuring aspects
cannot* put*
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Source:  OpenStax, Beyond convention, beyond critique: toward a third way of preparing educational leaders to promote equity and social justice. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11434/1.2
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