# 5.2 Lab 4: lab  (Page 3/7)

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The assembly file c_fft_given.asm contains two main parts, the data section starting with .sect ".data" and the program section starting with .sect ".text" . Every function and variable accessed in C must be preceded by a single underscore _ in assembly and a .global _name must be placed in the assembly file for linking. In this example, bit_rev_fft is an assembly function called from the C program with a label _bit_rev_fft in the text portion of the assembly file and a .global _bit_rev_fft declaration. In each assembly function, the macro ENTER_ASM is called upon entering and LEAVE_ASM is called upon exiting. These macros are defined in v:\ece420\54x\dspclib\core.inc . The ENTER_ASM macro saves the status registers and AR1 , AR6 , and AR7 when entering a function as required by the register use conventions. The ENTER_ASM macro also sets the status registers to the assembly conventions we have been using (i.e, FRCT =1 for fractional arithmetic and CPL =0 for DP referenced addressing). The LEAVE_ASM macro just restores the saved registers.

## Parameter passing

The parameter passing convention between assembly and C is simple for single input, single output assembly functions. Froma C program, the input to an assembly program is in the low part of accumulator A with the output returned in the same place. When morethan one parameter is passed to an assembly function, the parameters are passed on the stack (see the core filedescription for more information). We suggest that you avoid passing or returning more than one parameter. Instead, use globalmemory addresses to pass in or return more than one parameter. Another alternative is to pass a pointer to the start of a bufferintended for passing and returning parameters.

## Registers modified

When entering and leaving an assembly function, the ENTER_ASM and LEAVE_ASM macros ensure that certain registers are saved and restored. Since the C program may use any and all registers, the state ofa register cannot be expected to remain the same between calls to assembly function(s). Therefore, any information that needs to be preserved across calls to an assembly function must besaved to memory!

Now, we explain how to use the FFT routine provided by TI for the C54x. The FFT routine fft.asm located in v:\ece420\54x\dsplib\ computes an in-place, complex FFT. The length of the FFT is defined as a label K_FFT_SIZE and the algorithm assumes that the input starts at data memory location _fft_data . To have your code assemble for an $N$ -point FFT, you will have to include the following label definitions in your assembly code.

N .set 1024 K_FFT_SIZE .set N ; size of FFT K_LOGN .set 10 ; number of stages (log_2(N))

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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