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There is a sense of urgency for professors of educational leadership to recognize how self-beliefs influence learning potential. We strongly encourage and urge these professors to examine Marzano’s Model and listen to the voices of the students in this study. The authors were overcome with sadness when Rosa stated, “I couldn’t see beyond my own sadness,” and Beth stated “My Mom died … there were no expressions of sympathy from the teachers who didn’t seem to want a relationship with me.” There is also a sense of urgency to challenge the enduring ideology that some students will succeed, others will fail, and failure is the result of deficiencies in the student (Oakes, Wells, Jones,&Datnow, 1997). Deficit thinking about students by stakeholders limits student academic success and is, therefore, a social justice issue. At the very core, what we do or do not do, what we say or do not say, and our judgments of individuals based on racism, sexism, heterosexism, classism, ableism, audism, sizeism, ageism, expectations and religious beliefs have a profound positive or negative impact on students and their lives. Just as educators can inspire their students to transform their thinking, the voices of formerly labeled “at-risk” students can also educate and inform the practice of professors in preparing future educators to lead our nation’s schools. If we, and those aspiring to educational leadership positions, do not possess a collective belief that all students possess the potential to learn and succeed, what then is the alternative? Envision the future, our country and our populace ten/twenty/thirty years from now? Who will be held accountable and why?

References

Anastasi, A. (1937). Differential psychology. New York: Macmillan.

Bagley, W. C. (1925). Determinism in education. Baltimore, MD: Warwick&York.

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-78). New York: Academic Press. Retrieved from (External Link)

Bandura, A. (1995). Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies (pp. 1-45). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26. Retrieved from (External Link)

Big Picture Learning Brochure. Retrieved from (External Link)

Bogdan, R. C.&Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods. New York, NY: Pearson.

Brantlinrt, E. (2001). Poverty, class, and disability: A historical, social, and political perspective. Focus on Exceptional Children, 33 (7), 1-19.

Cambourne, B. (1993). The whole story: Natural learning and the acquisition of literacy in the classroom. Auckland, New Zealand: Ashton Scholastic.

Chapman, P. D. (1988). Schools as sorters: Lewis M. Terman, applied psychology, and intelligence testing movement, 1890-1930. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Charmaz, K. (2005). Grounded theory in the 21 st Century: Applications for advancing social justice studies. In N. K. Denzin&Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.). The Sage handbook of qualitative research (pp. 507-535) . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational leadership and administration: teaching and program development, volume 23, 2011. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11358/1.4
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