<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
Skewness and kurtosis coefficients
CH005TC09R CL005TC09R CW005TC09R
N Valid 3125 1805 1877
Missing 5197 6517 6445
Skewness -1.129 -.479 -2.197
Std. Error of Skewness .044 .058 .056
Kurtosis 1.818 -.42 6.991
Std. Error of Kurtosis .088 .115 .113
  • Copy skewness and kurtosis information into the skewness and kurtosis calculator

Step two

  • Compute Descriptive Statistics on the Dependent Variable
  • * Do so via the ANOVA procedure
  • * Note. Do not use the ANOVA statistical significance information provided in the output. Use only the M s, SD s, and n s.
  • * The screen shot will occur in the next step (Mean and standard deviation)

Step three

  • Conduct Analysis of Variance
  • √ Analyze
  • √ General Linear Model
  • √ Univariate

  • √ Dependent variable is sent over to the top box, titled dependent variable
  • √ Grouping Variable is sent over to the fixed factor box

  • √ Options
  • √ Descriptive Statistics
  • √ Estimate of effect size
  • √ Continue

  • √ Post Hoc
  • √ Scheffé
  • √ Click on variables on which you want the Post Hoc Tests
  • √ Continue
  • √ OK

Step four

  • Check for Statistical Significance
  • 1. Go to the ANOVA table and look at the far right column labeled Sig to check for statistical significance.
  • 2. If you have any value less than .05 then you have statistical significance. Remember to replace the third zero with a 1, if the sig value is .000 (i.e., if the sig value reads as .000, replace the third 0, so it reads as .001).
  • 3. Numerical Sentence = F ( df between, df within) sp = sp F value, sp p sp < sp .001.
  • 4. The outcome of the ANOVA, F (2,1179) = 503.22, p = .001, was . . . .

Dependent Variable: Verbal IQ (Wechsler Verbal Intelligence 3)

Tests between-subjects effects
Source Type III Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig. Partial Eta Squared
Corrected 101503.093 a 2 50751.547 503.219 .000 .461
Intercept 6366052.170 1 6366052.170 63121.595 .000 .982
group 101503.093 2 50751.547 503.219 .000 .461
Error 118906.620 1179 100.854
Total 7405615.000 1182
Corrected Total 220409.713 1181
  • a. R Squared = .461 (Adjusted R Square = .460)

Step five

  • 1. Partial Eta 2 is the effect size n 2
  • 2. Cohen (1988)
  • .01 - .059 = small effect size
  • .06 - .139 = moderate effect size
  • .14 and above = large effect size
  • Note. n 2 cannot be greater than 1.00. Therefore, a 0 should not be placed in front of the decimal point.

Step six:

  • Narrative and Interpretation
  • 1. F value
  • 2. degrees of freedom for groups and for participants
  • 3. p value
  • 4. Post hoc results
  • 5. M , SD , and n for each group (in a table)

Writing up your statistics

So, how do you "write up" your Research Questions and your Results? Schuler W. Huck (2000) in his seminal book entitled, Reading Statistics and Research, points to the importance of your audience understanding and making sense of your research in written form. Huck further states:

This book is designed to help people decipher what researchers are trying to communicate in the written or oral summaries of their investigations. Here, the goal is simply to distill meaning from the words, symbols, tables, and figures included in the research report. To be competent in this arena, one must not only be able to decipher what's presented but also to "fill in the holes"; this is the case because researchers typically assume that those receiving the research report are familiar with unmentioned details of the research process and statistical treatment of data.

Researchers and Professors John Slate and Ana Rojas-LeBouef understand this critical issue, so often neglected or not addressed by other authors and researchers. They point to the importance of doctoral students "writing up their statistics" in a way that others can understand your reporting and as importantly, interpret the meaning of your significant findings and implications for the preparation and practice of educational leadership. Slate and LeBouef provide you with a model for "writing up your parametric ANOVA statistics."

Click here to view: Writing Up Your Parametric One Way ANOVA Statistics


  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.) . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum
  • Hyperstats Online Statistics Textbook. (n.d.) Retrieved from (External Link)
  • Kurtosis. (n.d.). Definition. Retrieved from (External Link)&term_id=326
  • Kurtosis. (n.d.). Definition of normality . Retrieved from (External Link)
  • Onwuegbuzie, A. J.,&Daniel, L. G. (2002). Uses and misuses of the correlation coefficient. Research in the Schools, 9 (1) , 73-90.
  • Skewness. (n.d.) Retrieved from (External Link)&term_id=356
  • Skewness. (n.d.). Definition of normality . Retrieved from (External Link)
  • StatSoft, Inc. (2011). Electronic statistics textbook. Tulsa, OK: StatSoft. WEB: (External Link)

Questions & Answers

what is math number
Tric Reply
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
I'm 13 and I understand it great
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
greetings from Iran
salut. from Algeria
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Calculating basic statistical procedures in spss: a self-help and practical guide to preparing theses, dissertations, and manuscripts. OpenStax CNX. Apr 28, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11292/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Calculating basic statistical procedures in spss: a self-help and practical guide to preparing theses, dissertations, and manuscripts' conversation and receive update notifications?