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Skewness and kurtosis coefficients
CH005TC09R CL005TC09R CW005TC09R
N Valid 3125 1805 1877
Missing 5197 6517 6445
Skewness -1.129 -.479 -2.197
Std. Error of Skewness .044 .058 .056
Kurtosis 1.818 -.42 6.991
Std. Error of Kurtosis .088 .115 .113
  • Copy skewness and kurtosis information into the skewness and kurtosis calculator

Step two

  • Compute Descriptive Statistics on the Dependent Variable
  • * Do so via the ANOVA procedure
  • * Note. Do not use the ANOVA statistical significance information provided in the output. Use only the M s, SD s, and n s.
  • * The screen shot will occur in the next step (Mean and standard deviation)

Step three

  • Conduct Analysis of Variance
  • √ Analyze
  • √ General Linear Model
  • √ Univariate

  • √ Dependent variable is sent over to the top box, titled dependent variable
  • √ Grouping Variable is sent over to the fixed factor box

  • √ Options
  • √ Descriptive Statistics
  • √ Estimate of effect size
  • √ Continue

  • √ Post Hoc
  • √ Scheffé
  • √ Click on variables on which you want the Post Hoc Tests
  • √ Continue
  • √ OK

Step four

  • Check for Statistical Significance
  • 1. Go to the ANOVA table and look at the far right column labeled Sig to check for statistical significance.
  • 2. If you have any value less than .05 then you have statistical significance. Remember to replace the third zero with a 1, if the sig value is .000 (i.e., if the sig value reads as .000, replace the third 0, so it reads as .001).
  • 3. Numerical Sentence = F ( df between, df within) sp = sp F value, sp p sp < sp .001.
  • 4. The outcome of the ANOVA, F (2,1179) = 503.22, p = .001, was . . . .

Dependent Variable: Verbal IQ (Wechsler Verbal Intelligence 3)

Tests between-subjects effects
Source Type III Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig. Partial Eta Squared
Corrected 101503.093 a 2 50751.547 503.219 .000 .461
Model
Intercept 6366052.170 1 6366052.170 63121.595 .000 .982
group 101503.093 2 50751.547 503.219 .000 .461
Error 118906.620 1179 100.854
Total 7405615.000 1182
Corrected Total 220409.713 1181
  • a. R Squared = .461 (Adjusted R Square = .460)

Step five

  • 1. Partial Eta 2 is the effect size n 2
  • 2. Cohen (1988)
  • .01 - .059 = small effect size
  • .06 - .139 = moderate effect size
  • .14 and above = large effect size
  • Note. n 2 cannot be greater than 1.00. Therefore, a 0 should not be placed in front of the decimal point.

Step six:

  • Narrative and Interpretation
  • 1. F value
  • 2. degrees of freedom for groups and for participants
  • 3. p value
  • 4. Post hoc results
  • 5. M , SD , and n for each group (in a table)

Writing up your statistics

So, how do you "write up" your Research Questions and your Results? Schuler W. Huck (2000) in his seminal book entitled, Reading Statistics and Research, points to the importance of your audience understanding and making sense of your research in written form. Huck further states:

This book is designed to help people decipher what researchers are trying to communicate in the written or oral summaries of their investigations. Here, the goal is simply to distill meaning from the words, symbols, tables, and figures included in the research report. To be competent in this arena, one must not only be able to decipher what's presented but also to "fill in the holes"; this is the case because researchers typically assume that those receiving the research report are familiar with unmentioned details of the research process and statistical treatment of data.

Researchers and Professors John Slate and Ana Rojas-LeBouef understand this critical issue, so often neglected or not addressed by other authors and researchers. They point to the importance of doctoral students "writing up their statistics" in a way that others can understand your reporting and as importantly, interpret the meaning of your significant findings and implications for the preparation and practice of educational leadership. Slate and LeBouef provide you with a model for "writing up your parametric ANOVA statistics."

Click here to view: Writing Up Your Parametric One Way ANOVA Statistics

References

  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.) . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum
  • Hyperstats Online Statistics Textbook. (n.d.) Retrieved from (External Link)
  • Kurtosis. (n.d.). Definition. Retrieved from (External Link)&term_id=326
  • Kurtosis. (n.d.). Definition of normality . Retrieved from (External Link)
  • Onwuegbuzie, A. J.,&Daniel, L. G. (2002). Uses and misuses of the correlation coefficient. Research in the Schools, 9 (1) , 73-90.
  • Skewness. (n.d.) Retrieved from (External Link)&term_id=356
  • Skewness. (n.d.). Definition of normality . Retrieved from (External Link)
  • StatSoft, Inc. (2011). Electronic statistics textbook. Tulsa, OK: StatSoft. WEB: (External Link)

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Calculating basic statistical procedures in spss: a self-help and practical guide to preparing theses, dissertations, and manuscripts. OpenStax CNX. Apr 28, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11292/1.6
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