# 0.1 Calculating descriptive statistics  (Page 2/4)

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• * Copy or cut the frequency table for this z -score variable and carry it into WORD. Delete any irrelevant information.
 Zscore: Verbal IQ (Wechsler Verbal Intelligence 3) Zscore(wiviq) Verbal IQ (Wechsler Verbal Intelligence 3) N Valid 1182 1182 Missing 0 0
• To calculate a T -score for any continuous variable:
• √ Analyze
• * Descriptive Statistics
• * Descriptives
• * Send variable on which you want T scores to be calculated to empty cell
• * Check box for Save standardized values as variables

• * OK
• * You will be sent to the output window. Nothing in the output window is helpful. Go to the SPSS data screen by clicking on the data button bottom of screen. A new variable(s) will have been generated for you. This variable will be inserted into a formula so that you can have T scores.
• * Variable view window
 Descriptive Statistics N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation Verbal IQ (Wechsler Verbal Intelligence 3) 1182 46 129 77.97 13.661 Valid N (listwise) 1182
• √ Create a new variable for your T score variable
• * Data view window
• * Transform
• * Compute Variable

• * Name your target variable the name you just generated for your T score variable
• * In the numeric expression window, type:
• * 50 + (10 x [name of the z -score variable generated by the computer earlier])

• * OK

• * Respond yes to change existing variable
• * You may be sent to the output screen. Nothing there is helpful.
• * Go to data button and view your new T score variable.
• * To get this information in a usable output form, do the following:
• √ Analyze
• * Descriptive Statistics
• * Frequencies
• * Move over the newly created T score variable
• * Make sure the frequencies box is checked.

• * OK
• * Copy or cut the frequency table for this T score variable and carry it into WORD. Delete any irrelevant information.

So, how do you "write up" your Research Questions and your Results? Schuler W. Huck (2000) in his seminal book entitled, Reading Statistics and Research, points to the importance of your audience understanding and making sense of your research in written form. Huck further states:

This book is designed to help people decipher what researchers are trying to communicate in the written or oral summaries of their investigations. Here, the goal is simply to distill meaning from the words, symbols, tables, and figures included in the research report. To be competent in this arena, one must not only be able to decipher what's presented but also to "fill in the holes"; this is the case because researchers typically assume that those receiving the research report are familiar with unmentioned details of the research process and statistical treatment of data.

## A Note from the Editors

Researchers and Professors John Slate and Ana Rojas-LeBouef understand this critical issue, so often neglected or not addressed by other authors and researchers. They point to the importance of doctoral students "writing up their statistics" in a way that others can understand your reporting and as importantly, interpret the meaning of your significant findings and implications for the preparation and practice of educational leadership. Slate and LeBouef provide you with a model for "writing up your descriptive statistics."

## References

• Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.) . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum
• Onwuegbuzie, A. J.,&Daniel, L. G. (2002). Uses and misuses of the correlation coefficient. Research in the Schools, 9 (1) , 73-90.
• StatSoft, Inc. (2011). Electronic statistics textbook. Tulsa, OK: StatSoft. WEB: (External Link)

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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