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Life skills

Grade 2


Module 5



  • One of the best ways we can contribute towards saving our trees is to recycle paper.
  • Recycled paper is broken down into pulp, from which new paper can be made.

Discuss with your friends:

  • Is there much paper in your school that can be recycled?
  • What do you think will happen if nobody picks up and removes these papers?
  • What can you do to improve the situation?

Start collecting paper in your class. At the end of each week weigh the paper. Make a graph to see how much you can collect in a month. Make each week’s block a different colour.

  • In which week did you collect the most paper?
  • You can easily earn pocket money or money for the school by collecting waste paper regularly. Ask your teacher to tell you more about this.

Remember: every time you use recycled paper or save paper you are helping your environment in your own small way. Think of some ways you could save paper. Some ideas are practical. Sometimes they are impossible.

  • Discuss your ideas with your group and decide which ones you are able to do.
  • Why not make your own paper? Some people make very fancy paper, using all sorts of products – different grasses and even elephant dung!
  • Usually they cannot make as much paper as the factory. Why do you think this is so?

It can also be very expensive to make paper like this.

  • Look at the different prices of paper in the shops. Look at the different kinds of paper and compare their prices.
Type of paper Use Price
  • What do you notice about the different kinds of paper?
  • What do you notice about the price?
  • While it is difficult to make your own paper, you can always decorate and design your own wrapping paper.
  • Think of an occasion for the wrapping paper to be used – birthday or Christmas, Valentine’s Day, etc.
  • People did not always give presents on these occasions. If they did, they were usually very simple.
  • Ask your parents and grandparents about the presents they gave or received.
Question Parents’ answer Grandparents’ answer
What kind of present did you get for Christmas when you were small?
How was it wrapped?
What did you get for your birthdays?
What other occasions did you receive gifts?

Perhaps you could invent a new reason to exchange gifts. what could this occasion be?

  • Decide on the occasion for which you will design your own wrapping paper.
  • Now create your design. (Use different lines and patterns).
  • You could also sell your paper to family and friends. Test to see if they want your product.
  1. Find out if they would buy your wrapping paper.
  2. How much will you charge? Find out how much they would normally pay for paper.
  3. Ask how much they would like to pay.
  4. Ask at least three people.
  • Fill in their responses in the table below.
Questions Response 1 2 3
Would you buy wrapping paper designed by me?
How much do you normally spend on wrapping paper?
How much would you pay for my unique paper?
  • Will you be able to sell your paper?
  • How much will you charge?


Learning Outcomes(LO’s)
THE ECONOMIC CYCLE The learner will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of ‘the economic problem’.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.2 explains that wants can be unlimited , always changing and influenced by friends, the media and the development of new products and services by businesses;1.3 reads and identifies prices from different price tags and labels;1.4 calculates change after buying simple goods and services;1.5 expresses the importance and ways of saving and not wasting money and other resources (e.g. paper).
EXPLORING ISSUES The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.1 identifies and describes environmental issues in the place where the learner lives or goes to school [the issue];3.2 describes the factors leading to the problem or issue [ factors affecting the issue];3.3 identifies the impact of the issue on the place and on people (home, school, local environment) [factors affecting the issue].
HISTORICAL ENQUIRYThe learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 obtains information from historical sources provided by the teacher (people, objects photographs, etc.) [works with sources].
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLST he learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 ( designs ) – chooses suitable materials or substances to make products, and suggests some ways they can be used to satisfy a problem, need or opportunity;1.4 ( makes ) – expresses how products are going to be made.
CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.8 ( Visual Arts ) – explores the immediate environment using the elementary functions of line, shape, colour and contrast in two-dimensional and three-dimensional work;


The children will need to go to the shops to do the exercise in comparing prices.

They should also be able to appreciate that the paper will differ in price because it has a better quality or it is special in some way. If the paper has been used to make something (newspapers or cards, or decorated as wrapping paper), then its value increases. Ask questions to help them realize that price can also depend on demand (EMS LO 1.2, 1.3).

In a Numeracy lesson compare the prices or work out how much change would be given if they had a certain amount of money (EMS LO 1.4 ).

Historical investigation : In researching the idea of gifts (historical enquiry) the children should be able to see that the idea of expensive and wonderfully wrapped gifts was created by the market. It is not an essential need that is being met. While birthdays have usually been acknowledged, the influence of friends and the changing market has led to a far greater experience than a simple gift as in earlier times. The same goes for Christmas where children might have once expected fruit or sweets. The “wants” and expectations have changed due to the commercialisation of such events.

Point out to the learners that materials have different properties, which make them suitable for particular uses. Wood was used almost exclusively for furniture, but now we use plastic, aluminium and sofas made with more fabric than wood. We choose the material for chairs depending on the use of a chair –e.g. plastic garden chairs – the plastic is good because it’s light, easy to carry around and easy to clean, durable in all weather, and so on. Let the children look around their homes and assess the different kinds of chairs or bring pictures of different chairs and assess the different materials they are made of and their different uses (NS 1.2).

If any of the materials are manufactured locally, draw the children’s attention to this (Geography 1.2).

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life skills grade 2. OpenStax CNX. Sep 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11105/1.1
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