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This module represents a guide to voice ranges that helps directors select music appropriate for the voice levels they have.

Ranges of each part

The following guide to vocal ranges indicates the normal limits of high school singers. These ranges may appear to be quite conservative, but this author has found that notes that exceed these range limits often cause singers to breach a good choral tone and create ensemble difficulties. One will find that, when a piece of music is very close to fitting within these limits, the overall sound of the choir is considerably better than when this is not the case. Choirs will always sound best when the notes they are asked to sing fall comfortably within the capabilities of the singers.

This does not mean that all selections must be tied to these limits, but that most of the singing should fall into these categories.

Three examples in which all the parts remain within the above limits are: Cantate Domino, Hassler, (Bourne), Psallite, Praetorius (Bourne) and numerous others.

If the ranges do exceed these limits it is important to note how often it happens and the manner in which these extreme notes are approached. It is also important to observe what vowel is sung on these extreme notes. When an extremely high note, for example, occurs on an "oo" vowel, it can pinch the tone and be difficult to sing with any real quality.

Are these extreme notes exposed or firmly supported by the rest of the choir? What volume level is indicated? For instance, a high B-flat for the so­pranos at a pianissimo level, unsupported by the rest of the choir, has the possibility of being a disastrous moment.

Are the extreme ranges reached in several or all parts at once? When this is the case, young, immature voices are rarely able to overcome this obstacle and fulfill the musical expectation of the work.

Is the tessitura high in any part (particularly the tenor) or low in any part (particularly the alto) ? If either of the above is the case, can other voices be added to the part without destroying the choral sonority or damaging voices?

Finally, is the piece possible to perform except for one part, which is just too high or too low? Do not be trapped into a poor performance by rational­izing that the strong parts will cover the inadequacies of the one in question, or that maybe your singers can handle it after all. Instead, continue to look for repertoire that will come closer to fitting the capabilities of your ensemble.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
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