<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

I am showing you the code in Image B for one purpose and one purpose only. The orange block with the label "forever if" no longer exists in Scratch v2.0.

Older programs that were written in v1.4 and published on the Scratch website were automatically converted to the Scratch v2.0 version, asshown in Image C when the website made the transition from v1.4 to v2.0.

Program code for the Scratch v2.0 version of the program named ForeverLoop01

The code for the Scratch v2.0 version of this program is shown in Image C . Note that this version replaces the forever if block with a forever block and embeds an if block in the forever block.

Except for the forever and next costume blocks, none of the blocks in Image C are new to this module.

Image c. program code for the scratch v2.0 version of the program named foreverloop01.

Missing image.
Image C. Program code for the Scratch v2.0 version of the program named ForeverLoop01.

The last block in the script

The bottom of the forever block is smooth. Nothing can be connected to the bottom of the block. Therefore, it must be the last block in the script that contains it.

The next costume block

An earlier module used a switch to costume block to cause the existing image of a sprite to be replaced by a different image. That blockrequires the programmer to specify the new costume by name each time a change in costume is needed.

The next costume block used in Image C is easier to use from a programming standpoint. As explained in the previous module, there is a list ofone or more costumes associated with each sprite. The next costume block causes the sprite to switch from the current costume to the next costume in the list. If the current costume is the last costume in the list, the blockcauses the sprite to switch back up to the first costume in the list.

The forever block

Code inside a forever block will run forever unless

  • some code inside the block causes it to stop running,
  • the user clicks the red stop button on the stage, or
  • the user shuts down the web page.

This is commonly referred to as an infinite loop .

An infinite loop is not always a bad thing. For example, many games run inside an infinite loop and that is also the case with this program. However,even though the program is running (after you click the green flag) , you don't see anything happening unless you press the space bar. Pressing thespace bar causes the cat to run around in a small circle.

Be careful and don't leave this program running in your browser unless that is your plan. You may find that while it is running, everything elseon your computer runs much more slowly than normal.

An if block

As you can see in Image C , an if block is embedded inside the forever block. During each iteration of the loop, a test is made to determine if the space key is pressed. Each time it performs the test and findsthe condition to be true, the code inside the if block is executed. If the condition is false, the code inside the if block is not executed.

When the condition is true

The condition is true if the space bar is pressed when the test is made. When the condition is found to be true, the sprite:

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Teaching beginners to code. OpenStax CNX. May 27, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11498/1.20
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Teaching beginners to code' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask