<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Professional development

As part of New Jersey’s commitment to standards and accountability to school leaders, the professional development component is offered as a companion to the performance based leadership evaluation process. Standards based and job embedded experiences requires systematically and intentionally planning for the development of knowledge for, in , and of practice related to school leadership. First and foremost, the professional development experience for school leaders should be driven by feedback from the evaluation process. The professional development framework should include action research, study groups, peer observations, shadowing sessions, journal writing, and group lectures delivered by experts in the field (Sparks&Loucks-Horsley, 1990).


This proposed system of principal evaluation is in direct response to New Jersey Governor Chris Christie’s Executive Order No. 42. It is submitted by the executive board for the New Jersey affiliate of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NJ-NCPEA) for discussion and proposed as a suggested comprehensive strategy to address the need for a uniform and reliable statewide system of principal evaluation and assessment.

Given the current accountability trends nationwide, which are based primarily on high stakes standardized test scores and value added measures, it is critical that any system of evaluation for school leaders avoid the temptation of relying exclusively on any single measure of accountability and instead promote and encourage a formative and summative procedure for evaluation that is both job embedded and standards based (Brown-Sims, 2010). Additionally, a design that incorporates multiple forms of assessment to obtain a holistic view of leadership performance is essential to this plan if it is going to not only be both informative and instructional but also ethical and equitable. (Portin et al., 2006).


  • Amsterdam, C. E., Johnson, R. L., Monrad, D. M.,&Tonnensen, S. L. (2005). A collaborative approach to the development and validation of a principal evaluation system: A case study. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 17 (3), 221 – 242.
  • Brown-Sims, M. (2010). Evaluating school principals. Tips&tools. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality.
  • Catano, N.,&Stronge, J. H. (2006, September). What are principals expected to do? Congruence between principal evaluation and performance standards. NASSP Bulletin, 90 (3), 221-237.
  • Cantano, N.,&Stronge, J. H. (2007). What do we expect of school principals? Congruence between principal and evaluation and performance standards. International Journal of Leadership in Education. 10 (4), 379-399.
  • Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (2008). Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008. Washington, DC: Author
  • Gecas, V. (1985). Self-concept. In A. Kuper,&J. Kuper (Eds.), The Social Science Encyclopedia (pp. 739-741). London: Routledge.
  • Green, J. E. (2004a). Evaluating principals: Issues and practices. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Education Foundation.
  • Green, J. E. (2004b, October). Principal’s portfolios. School Administrator, 61 (9), 30 – 33.
  • Johnston, M.,&Thomas, M. (2005). Riding the wave of administrator accountability: A portfolio approach. Journal of Educational Administration, 43 (3), 368 – 386.
  • Kaplan, L. S., Owings, W. A.,&Nunnery, J. (2005, June). Principal quality: A Virginia study connecting Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium Standards with student achievement. NASSP Bulletin, 89 (643), 28 - 44
  • Leithwood, K., Begley, P. T.,&Cousins, J. B. (1994). Developing expert leadership for future schools. London: Falmer Press.
  • Leithwood, K.,&Jantzi, D. (2008, August). Linking leadership to student learning: The contributions of leader efficacy. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44 (496). Retrieved from http://eaq.sagepub.com/content/44/4/496.short
  • Leithwood, K., Louis, K. S., Anderson, S.,&Wahlstrom, K. (2004). How leadership influences student learning. New York, NY: The Wallace Foundation
  • Marcoux, J., Brown, G., Irby, B. J., Lara-Alecio, R. (2003, April 23-25). A case study on the use of portfolios in principal evaluation. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Education Research Association, Chicago, IL.
  • Marzano, R. J., Waters, T.&McNulty. B. A. (2005). School leadership that works: From research to results. Alexanderia, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
  • Mestry, R.,&Schmidt, M. (2010, January 13). Portfolio assessment as a tool for promoting professional development of school principals: A South African perspective. Education and Urban Society, 42 (352) . Retrieved from http://eus.sagepub.com/content/21/3/352.short
  • Murphy, J. (2002, September/October). How the ISLLC Standards are reshaping the principalship. Principal, 82 (1), 22 – 26.
  • Portin, B. S., Feldman, S.,&Knapp, M. S. (2006). Purposes, uses, and practices of leadership assessment in education. Commissioned by The Wallace Foundation. Seattle, WA: The University of Washington Center for the Study of Teaching and Policy.
  • Reeves, D. (2009). Assessing educational leaders: Evaluating performance for improved individual and organizational results . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
  • Roan, A.,&Rooney, D. (2006). Shadowing experiences and the extension of communities of practice: A case study of women education managers. Management Learning, 37 (4), 433-454
  • Robinson, V. M. J., Lloyd, C. A.,&Rowe, K. J. (2008, September 28). The impact of leadership on student outcomes: An analysis of the differential effects of leadership types. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44 (635). Retrieved from http://eaq.sagepub.com/content/44/5/635.short
  • Sparks, D.,&Loucks-Horsley, S. (1990). Models of staff development. In W. R. Houston (Ed.). Handbook of Research on Teacher Education (pp.234-250). New York: MacMillan.
  • Stine, D. O. (2001, April). Developing an evaluation system to improve principal performance and accountability . Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Seattle, Washington.
  • Stufflebeam, D. L.,&Nevo, D. (1993). Principal evaluation: New directions for improvement. Peabody Journal of Education , 68 (2), 24-25
  • Tusin, L. F. (1999) Deciding to teach. In R. P. Lipka,&T.M. Brinthaupt (Eds.), The role of self in teacher development (pp. 11-35). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Vyortkina, D. (2003). Portfolio assessment in educational leadership programs at master’s level. A doctoral dissertation at The Florida State University. Pro Quest 3137389.
  • Walker, J. E. (1990). Shadowing the skills of exemplary principals. Education Digest , 56 (1), 45-49.

Appendix a

Figure 1

Appendix b

Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium 2008 Standards (CCSSO, 2008, p. 14-15)

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now

Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011)' conversation and receive update notifications?