<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


Grade 5

Processing materials

Module 12

Discovering textile fabrics

Background information

People have worn clothes as protection from the elements (heat and cold) since the earliest times of the Stone Age (12 000 B.C.). Stone Age people used animal pelts and parts of plants to make clothes, which means that they used things that occurred naturally in their environment. Animal pelts were joined together with sinews and needles made from bone to make simple garments. Seeds, feathers and husks were used as simple decorations.

Assignment 1

Here you have a sketch of Shaka, the Zulu king who lived in 1825. Consult a reliable source to get the information you need and describe the traditional garments of a Zulu warrior and the material that was used to make each part of his outfit.

[LO 3.1]

Assignment 2

Would you wear a coat made from the pelt of a jaguar nowadays? Provide reasons for your answer.

[LO 3.2]

Background information

The people of Ancient Egyptian started to weave textiles during the Bronze Age (3 000 B.C.). Textile fabrics can be woven from fibres obtained from animals (silk and wool) or plants (cotton and linen) and are used to make coverings and decorations like clothes, mats, blankets, curtains, etc. The development of technology made it possible to use many other fibres and materials to make textiles, so that we nowadays make textiles from textile fibres found in nature (from plants and animals) or from materials made by people (from wood, oil and coal). We therefore have natural and manmade (synthetic) textile fabrics. The first textile fabrics made of plastics (rayon, polyester, nylon, viscose) were produced in England, round about 1850. The manmade synthetic yarns are manufactured in factories, from oil or coal. Chemicals are extracted from these minerals and are made into plastic fibres.

Assignment 3

Sort each of the following objects into natural or manmade: a plastic bag, a fur coat, a wooden bowl, a glass bottle, a polystyrene container, a wooden table.


[l [lo 3.1]

Background information

The advantages of plastics are:

  • It is cheaper to manufacture.
  • It can be processes into many different forms.
  • It can be dyed easily.
  • It is very durable.
  • It lasts very long.

Disadvantages of plastics:

  • It cannot be recycled readily.

Natural fabrics

Natural fabrics can be of animal, plant or mineral origin. Examples of animals that provide fibres for fabrics are sheep, goats, rabbits, camels, silkworms, llamas and horses. Plant fibres are obtained from the bark, leaves, seeds and fruit of particular plants, like cotton, sisal and flax, and coconut fibre from coconuts.

Wool is obtained from sheep by shearing the sheep annually. A sheep provides about four kilograms of wool per year. There are different breeds of sheep and they provide different types of wool. The wool from merino sheep is regarded as the finest and as the best as far as quality is concerned. Merinos are bred mainly in Australia and South Africa because they do very well where the climate is warm and dry. Australia is one of the top wool producing countries in the world.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10979/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Technology grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?