(a) A 22.0 kg child is riding a playground merry-go-round that is rotating at 40.0 rev/min. What centripetal force must she exert to stay on if she is 1.25 m from its center?
(b) What centripetal force does she need to stay on an amusement park merry-go-round that rotates at 3.00 rev/min if she is 8.00 m from its center?
What is the ideal banking angle for a gentle turn of 1.20 km radius on a highway with a 105 km/h speed limit (about 65 mi/h), assuming everyone travels at the limit?
(a) What is the radius of a bobsled turn banked at 75.0° and taken at 30.0 m/s, assuming it is ideally banked?
(b) Calculate the centripetal acceleration.
(c) Does this acceleration seem large to you?
a) 24.6 m
b)
$\mathrm{36.6\; m}/{\text{s}}^{2}$
c)
${a}_{\text{c}}=3.73\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\mathrm{g.}$ This does not seem too large, but it is clear that bobsledders feel a lot of force on them going through sharply banked turns.
Part of riding a bicycle involves leaning at the correct angle when making a turn, as seen in
[link] . To be stable, the force exerted by the ground must be on a line going through the center of gravity. The force on the bicycle wheel can be resolved into two perpendicular components—friction parallel to the road (this must supply the centripetal force), and the vertical normal force (which must equal the system’s weight).
(a) Show that
$\theta $ (as defined in the figure) is related to the speed
$v$ and radius of curvature
$r$ of the turn in the same way as for an ideally banked roadway—that is,
$\theta ={\text{tan}}^{\text{\u20131}}{v}^{2}/\mathrm{rg}$
(b) Calculate
$\theta $ for a 12.0 m/s turn of radius 30.0 m (as in a race).
A large centrifuge, like the one shown in
[link] (a), is used to expose aspiring astronauts to accelerations similar to those experienced in rocket launches and atmospheric reentries.
(a) At what angular velocity is the centripetal acceleration
$\mathrm{10}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}g$ if the rider is 15.0 m from the center of rotation?
(b) The rider’s cage hangs on a pivot at the end of the arm, allowing it to swing outward during rotation as shown in
[link] (b). At what angle
$\theta $ below the horizontal will the cage hang when the centripetal acceleration is
$\mathrm{10}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}g$ ? (Hint: The arm supplies centripetal force and supports the weight of the cage. Draw a free body diagram of the forces to see what the angle
$\theta $ should be.)
If a car takes a banked curve at less than the ideal speed, friction is needed to keep it from sliding toward the inside of the curve (a real problem on icy mountain roads). (a) Calculate the ideal speed to take a 100 m radius curve banked at 15.0º. (b) What is the minimum coefficient of friction needed for a frightened driver to take the same curve at 20.0 km/h?
Modern roller coasters have vertical loops like the one shown in
[link] . The radius of curvature is smaller at the top than on the sides so that the downward centripetal acceleration at the top will be greater than the acceleration due to gravity, keeping the passengers pressed firmly into their seats. What is the speed of the roller coaster at the top of the loop if the radius of curvature there is 15.0 m and the downward acceleration of the car is 1.50 g?
Calculate the work done by an 85.0-kg man who pushes a crate 4.00 m up along a ramp that makes an angle of 20.0º20.0º with the horizontal. (See [link] .) He exerts a force of 500 N on the crate parallel to the ramp and moves at a constant speed. Be certain to include the work he does on the crate an
static fiction is friction between two surfaces in contact an none of sliding over on another, while Kinetic friction is friction between sliding surfaces in contact.
MINDERIUM
I don't get it,if it's static then there will be no friction.
author
It means that static friction is that friction that most be overcome before a body can move
kingsley
static friction is a force that keeps an object from moving, and it's the opposite of kinetic friction.
author
It is a force a body must overcome in order for the body to move.
Eboh
If a particle accelerator explodes what happens
Eboh
why we see the edge effect in case of the field lines of capacitor?
Force equals mass time acceleration. Weight is a force and it can replace force in the equation. The acceleration would be gravity, which is an acceleration. To change from weight to mass divide by gravity (9.8 m/s^2).
the write question should be " How many Topics are in O- Level Physics, or other branches of physics.
effiom
how many topic are in physics
Praise
Praise what level are you
yusuf
If u are doing a levels in your first year you do AS topics therefore you do 5 big topic i.e particles radiation, waves and optics, mechanics,materials, electricity. After that you do A level topics like Specific Harmonic motion circular motion astrophysics depends really
Anya
Yeah basics of physics prin8
yusuf
Heat nd Co for a level
yusuf
yh I need someone to explain something im tryna solve . I'll send the question if u down for it
a ripple tank experiment a vibrating plane is used to generate wrinkles in the water .if the distance between two successive point is 3.5cm and the wave travel a distance of 31.5cm find the frequency of the vibration
Tamdy
hallow
Boniface
please send the answer
Boniface
the range of objects and phenomena studied in physics is