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Cost

There are warnings that digital monographs are not cheaper to produce than books. Clifford Lynch points outelectronic monographs displace costs from the publishers to the scholar and site manager: "the economic dilemma of the monographhas not been solved, but only rearranged."

Clifford Lynch, "The Scholarly Monograph’s Descendants" (1997), (External Link) .
The maturing of technology and software, the refinement of authoring tools andimage viewers, and the development of other scalable models promise to reduce costs. Art history stands to benefit from thetrailblazing organizations that found a sustainable e-publishingmodel by using a subscription-based distribution system and aggregating related material.

Preservation

The permanent preservation and access to digital materials is a major concern of scholars who regularlyexperience the complications of upgrading software and migrating data to new formats. The launch of Portico, an electronic archivingservice supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Itkaka, the Library of Congress and JSTOR, in 2005 offers a large-scalesolution to this structural problem. As news of Portico’s work permeates the scholarly community, the question of preservation andpermanent access will retreat, and migrating data will become a standard operation of cyberinfrastructure.

See (External Link) . Defunct links remain another problem, but software tools are available andwill presumably evolve to clean up link-rot, William J. Mitchell’s colorful word. Also see the Draft Report of the ACLS Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences , November 5, 2005, at (External Link) .

Versioning and the historiographic record

Wikipedia ’s model of collective authorship combined with the ease of revising digital files gives rise to afear that the updating of content, or versioning, will blur the historiographic record and obscure the stance of a scholar at agiven moment in time. Claims that electronic publication will nullify the concept of the author and integrity of the text, in anextreme variant of intertextuality, have a futuristic quality and suppose that technology determines outcomes. It is the case thatscholars can determine applications of the medium that best serve their goals if they take charge of such efforts. Hypertext, as anexample, is well suited to capture historiographical shifts and register disputes over dates, attributions, and interpretations.

ARTstor is developing a capacity to update image cataloguing information and track what James Shulman callsthe "archaeology" of the image. On the use of hypertext in presenting literary variants, see Luca Toschi, "Hypertext andAuthorship," in The Future of the Book , ed. by Geoffrey Nunberg (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996),169-207.

It is instructive to recall the contested authority of printed books in early modern Europe. As Adrian Johnselaborates in his study of seventeenth-century England, books originally had weak claims on truth in part because of themulti-step publishing process, which subjected the author’s manuscript to manipulation by type setters, printers, binders andother players.

Adrian Johns, The Nature of the Book. Print and Knowledge in the Making (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).
A print culture was formed that regulated a potentially permissive process and established the authority of thetext and credibility of the author—a project so effective that teachers must now teach students to question the truth of theprinted word. The early modern history of print culture underscores the power of social structures to shape new forms of communicationand suggests that scholars have an important role to play in the still formative phase of electronic publication.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Art history and its publications in the electronic age. OpenStax CNX. Sep 20, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10376/1.1
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