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37 . You had an unusually long wait time, which is bad: 82 percent of patients had a shorter wait time than you, and only 18 percent had a longer wait time.

2.4: box plots

38 . 5

39 . 3

40 . 7

41 . The median is 86, as represented by the vertical line in the box.

42 . The first quartile is 80, and the third quartile is 92, as represented by the left and right boundaries of the box.

43 . IQR = 92 – 80 = 12

44 . Range = 100 – 75 = 25

2.5: measures of the center of the data

45 . Half the runners who finished the marathon ran a time faster than 3:35:04, and half ran a time slower than 3:35:04. Your time is faster than the median time, so you did better than more than half of the runners in this race.

46 . 61.5, or $61,500

47 . 49.25 or $49,250

48 . The median, because the mean is distorted by the high value of one house.

2.6: skewness and the mean, median, and mode

49 . c

50 . a

51 . They will all be fairly close to each other.

2.7: measures of the spread of the data

52 . Mean: 15
Standard deviation: 4.3
μ = 10 + 11 + 15 + 15 + 17 + 22 6 = 15
s = ( x x ¯ ) 2 n 1 = 94 5 = 4.3

53 . 15 + (2)(4.3) = 23.6

54 . 13.7 is one standard deviation below the mean of this data, because 15 – 4.3 = 10.7

55 . z = 95 85 5 = 2.0
Susan’s z -score was 2.0, meaning she scored two standard deviations above the class mean for the final exam.

3.1: terminology

56 . P ( B ) = 25 90 = 0.28

57 . Drawing a red marble is more likely.
P ( R ) = 50 80 = 0.62
P ( Y ) = 15 80 = 0.19

58 . P ( F AND S )

59 . P ( E | M )

3.2: independent and mutually exclusive events

60 . P ( A AND B ) = (0.3)(0.5) = 0.15

61 . P ( C OR D ) = 0.18 + 0.03 = 0.21

3.3: two basic rules of probability

62 . No, they cannot be mutually exclusive, because they add up to more than 300. Therefore, some students must fit into two or more categories (e.g., both going to college and working full time).

63 . P ( A and B ) = ( P ( B | A ))( P ( A )) = (0.85)(0.70) = 0.595

64 . No. If they were independent, P ( B ) would be the same as P ( B | A ). We know this is not the case, because P ( B ) = 0.70 and P ( B | A ) = 0.85.

3.4: contingency tables

65 .

Honor roll No honor roll Total
Study at least 15 hours/week 482 200 682
Study less than 15 hours/week 125 193 318
Total 607 393 1,000

66 . P (honor roll|study at least 15 hours word per week) =  482 1000 = 0.482

67 . P ( studies less than 15 hours word per week) = 125 + 193 1000 = 0.318

68 . Let P ( S ) = study at least 15 hours per week
Let P ( H ) = makes the honor roll
From the table, P ( S ) = 0.682, P ( H ) = 0.607, and P ( S AND H ) =0.482.
If P ( S ) and P ( H ) were independent, then P ( S AND H ) would equal ( P ( S ))( P ( H )).
However, ( P ( S ))( P ( H )) = (0.682)(0.607) = 0.414, while P ( S AND H ) = 0.482.
Therefore, P ( S ) and P ( H ) are not independent.

3.5: tree and venn diagrams

69 .

This is a Venn diagram with two circles. One circle is labeled Soccer and the other is labeled Tennis. The circles do not overlap.

70 .

This is a Venn diagram with two circles. One circle is labeled Soccer and the other is labeled Tennis. The circles overlap.

Practice test 2

4.1: probability distribution function (pdf) for a discrete random variable

Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. You conduct a survey among a random sample of students at a particular university. The data collected includes their major, the number of classes they took the previous semester, and amount of money they spent on books purchased for classes in the previous semester.

1. If X = student’s major, then what is the domain of X ?

Questions & Answers

in a large restaurant an average of every 7 customers ask for water with the their meal. A random sample of 12 customers is selected, find the probability that exactly 6 ask for water with their meal
Rufai Reply
any body with idea
Rufai
conditional probability
Ramesh
can you help please
Rufai
iam really sorry. it's been long since I used these things. I just gave you a hint though
Ramesh
ok
Rufai
this follows binomial distribution. p(X=6)=12C6*(0.6)^6*0.4^6 use this formula n find.
syeda
can you explain the cosidered variable in the formula
Divya
x is variable wich is exactly 6 costumers
syeda
n is number of customers
syeda
ncx*p^X*q^X?
Divya
q^n-x
syeda
oh right !!! thanks yaar
Divya
I agree with Seyda too
Hoshyar
I agree with Syeda too
Hoshyar
7/12 =0.58is it?
yousaf
.
yousaf
r8
khalid
what is descriptive statistic
Shadow Reply
Descriptive statistics are brief descriptive coefficients that summarize a given data set, which can be either a representation of the entire or a sample of a population. Descriptive statistics are broken down into measures of central tendency and measures of variability (spread). 
Divya
are you getting this ?
Divya
if so let me know
Divya
yes m getting
Ramesh
fine
Divya
what's taking place can l join u
Anest
yeah !!why not? sure
Divya
okey thanks
Anest
where are statistics used
akinola Reply
hello
Giannis
Hi
Makhosi
how u doing
Muhid
please guys uses of statistics....
james Reply
the upper quartile of the population 10,12,14,16,18,20,25,15,11,11,17,is................?
Gach
The probability range is 0 to 1... but why we take it 0 to 1....
Muhammad Reply
because in probability 1 means success and 0 means failure and it cnnt be more or less than 1 and 0.
syeda
b/c v hv mazimum probibliy 1 and minimum which is.no.probiblity is 0.so.v hv the range from 0 to 1
khalid
the size of a set is greeter than its subset
Hoshyar
The probability of an event will not be less than 0.  This is because 0 is impossible (sure that something will not happen).The probability of an event will not be more than 1. This is because 1 is certain that something will happen
Divya
what do they mean in a question when you are asked to find P40 and P88
Megrina Reply
I dont get your question! What are you talk ING about?
Mani
hi
Mehri
you're asked to find page 40 and page 88 on that particular book.
Joseph
hi
ravi
any suggestions for statistics app better than this
ravi
sorry miss wrote the question
omar
No problem) By the way. I NEED a program For statistical data analysis. Any suggestion?
Mani
Eviews will help u
Kwadwo
Hello
Okonkwo
arey there any data analyst and working on sas statistical model building
ravi
Hi guys ,actually I have dicovered that the P40 and P88 means finding the 40th and 88th percentiles 😌..
Megrina
who can explain the euclidian distance
ravi
I am fresh student of statistics (BS) plz guide me best app or best website relative to stat topics
Noman
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are the mean, median, and mode.
Ahmed Reply
define the measures of location
Kaynaat Reply
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are th
Ahmed
hi i have a question....
Muhammad
what is confidence interval estimate and its formula in getting it
Jhezarie Reply
discuss the roles of vital and health statistic in the planning of health service of the community
BITRUS Reply
given that the probability of
BITRUS
good morning
Rufai
hi bitrus.
Bratit
hi
yousaf
hallo
Bratit
hey
Divya
uses in health policy and health research
Divya
1) social inequalities I health 2) Trends in mortality
Divya
hey do you know any about any of the statistics courses which is best ?
Divya
hello
Hoshyar
hi
Hoshyar
online courses and convenient fees
Divya
can man city win Liverpool ?
Emmanuel Reply
There are two coins on a table. When both are flipped, one coin land on heads eith probability 0.5 while the other lands on head with probability 0.6. A coin is randomly selected from the table and flipped. (a) what is probability it lands on heads? (b) given that it lands on tail, what is the Condi
Nusrat Reply
0.5*0.5+0.5*0.6
Ravasz
what is gradient descent?
Saurav Reply
It should be a Machine learning terms。
Mok
it is a term used in linear regression
Saurav
what are the differences between standard deviation and variancs?
Enhance
what is statistics
Emmanuel Reply
statistics is the collection and interpretation of data
Enhance
the science of summarization and description of numerical facts
Enhance
Is the estimation of probability
Zaini
mr. zaini..can u tell me more clearly how to calculated pair t test
Haai
do you have MG Akarwal Statistics' book Zaini?
Enhance
Haai how r u?
Enhance
maybe .... mathematics is the science of simplification and statistics is the interpretation of such values and its implications.
Miguel
can we discuss about pair test
Haai
what is outlier?
Usama Reply
outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations.
Gidigah
what is its effect on mode?
Usama
Outlier  have little effect on the mode of a given set of data.
Gidigah
How can you identify a possible outlier(s) in a data set.
Daniel
The best visualisation method to identify the outlier is box and wisker method or boxplot diagram. The points which are located outside the max edge of wisker(both side) are considered as outlier.
Akash
@Daniel Adunkwah - Usually you can identify an outlier visually. They lie outside the observed pattern of the other data points, thus they're called outliers.
Ron
what is completeness?
Muhammad
I am new to this. I am trying to learn.
Dom
I am also new Dom, welcome!
Nthabi
thanks
Dom
please my friend i want same general points about statistics. say same thing
alex
outliers do not have effect on mode
Meselu
also new
yousaf

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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