# 1.2 Add whole numbers  (Page 5/6)

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## Key concepts

• Addition Notation To describe addition, we can use symbols and words.
Operation Notation Expression Read as Result
Addition $+$ $3+4$ three plus four the sum of $3$ and $4$
• The sum of any number $a$ and $0$ is the number. $a+0=a$ $0+a=a$
• Changing the order of the addends $a$ and $b$ does not change their sum. $a+b=b+a$ .
1. Write the numbers so each place value lines up vertically.
2. Add the digits in each place value. Work from right to left starting with the ones place. If a sum in a place value is more than 9, carry to the next place value.
3. Continue adding each place value from right to left, adding each place value and carrying if needed.

## Practice makes perfect

In the following exercises, translate the following from math expressions to words.

$5+2$

five plus two; the sum of 5 and 2.

$6+3$

$13+18$

thirteen plus eighteen; the sum of 13 and 18.

$15+16$

$214+642$

two hundred fourteen plus six hundred forty-two; the sum of 214 and 642

$438+113$

In the following exercises, model the addition.

$2+4$

$2+4=6$

$5+3$

$8+4$

$8+4=12$

$5+9$

$14+75$

$14+75=89$

$15+63$

$16+25$

$16+25=41$

$14+27$

In the following exercises, fill in the missing values in each chart.

1. $0+13$
2. $13+0$
1. 13
2. 13
1. $0+5,280$
2. $5,280+0$
1. $8+3$
2. $3+8$
1. $11$
2. $11$
1. $7+5$
2. $5+7$

$45+33$

$78$

$37+22$

$71+28$

$99$

$43+53$

$26+59$

$85$

$38+17$

$64+78$

$142$

$92+39$

$168+325$

$493$

$247+149$

$584+277$

$861$

$175+648$

$832+199$

$1,031$

$775+369$

$6,358+492$

$6,850$

$9,184+578$

$3,740+18,593$

$22,333$

$6,118+15,990$

$485,012+619,848$

$1,104,860$

$368,911+857,289$

$24,731+592+3,868$

$29,191$

$28,925+817+4,593$

$8,015+76,946+16,570$

$101,531$

$6,291+54,107+28,635$

Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate each phrase into math notation and then simplify.

the sum of $13$ and $18$

$13+18=31$

the sum of $12$ and $19$

the sum of $90$ and $65$

$90+65=155$

the sum of $70$ and $38$

$33$ increased by $49$

$33+49=82$

$68$ increased by $25$

$250$ more than $599$

$250+599=849$

$115$ more than $286$

the total of $628$ and $77$

$628+77=705$

the total of $593$ and $79$

$1,482$ added to $915$

$915+1,482=2,397$

$2,719$ added to $682$

In the following exercises, solve the problem.

Home remodeling Sophia remodeled her kitchen and bought a new range, microwave, and dishwasher. The range cost $\text{1,100},$ the microwave cost $\text{250},$ and the dishwasher cost $\text{525}.$ What was the total cost of these three appliances?

The total cost was $1,875. Sports equipment Aiden bought a baseball bat, helmet, and glove. The bat cost $\text{299},$ the helmet cost $\text{35},$ and the glove cost $\text{68}.$ What was the total cost of Aiden’s sports equipment? Bike riding Ethan rode his bike $14$ miles on Monday, $19$ miles on Tuesday, $12$ miles on Wednesday, $25$ miles on Friday, and $68$ miles on Saturday. What was the total number of miles Ethan rode? Ethan rode 138 miles. Business Chloe has a flower shop. Last week she made $19$ floral arrangements on Monday, $12$ on Tuesday, $23$ on Wednesday, $29$ on Thursday, and $44$ on Friday. What was the total number of floral arrangements Chloe made? Apartment size Jackson lives in a $7$ room apartment. The number of square feet in each room is $238,120,156,196,100,132,$ and $225.$ What is the total number of square feet in all $7$ rooms? The total square footage in the rooms is 1,167 square feet. Weight Seven men rented a fishing boat. The weights of the men were $175,192,148,169,205,181,$ and $\text{225}$ pounds. What was the total weight of the seven men? Salary Last year Natalie’s salary was $\text{82,572}.$ Two years ago, her salary was $\text{79,316},$ and three years ago it was $\text{75,298}.$ What is the total amount of Natalie’s salary for the past three years? Natalie’s total salary is$237,186.

Home sales Emma is a realtor. Last month, she sold three houses. The selling prices of the houses were $\text{292,540},\text{505,875},$ and $423,699.$ What was the total of the three selling prices?

In the following exercises, find the perimeter of each figure.

The perimeter of the figure is 44 inches.

The perimeter of the figure is 56 meters.

The perimeter of the figure is 71 yards.

The perimeter of the figure is 62 feet.

## Everyday math

Calories Paulette had a grilled chicken salad, ranch dressing, and a $\text{16-ounce}$ drink for lunch. On the restaurant’s nutrition chart, she saw that each item had the following number of calories:

Grilled chicken salad – $320$ calories
Ranch dressing – $170$ calories
$\text{16-ounce}$ drink – $150$ calories

What was the total number of calories of Paulette’s lunch?

The total number of calories was 640.

Calories Fred had a grilled chicken sandwich, a small order of fries, and a $\text{12-oz}$ chocolate shake for dinner. The restaurant’s nutrition chart lists the following calories for each item:

Grilled chicken sandwich – $420$ calories
Small fries – $230$ calories
$\text{12-oz}$ chocolate shake – $580$ calories

What was the total number of calories of Fred’s dinner?

Test scores A students needs a total of $400$ points on five tests to pass a course. The student scored $82,91,75,88,\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}70.$ Did the student pass the course?

Yes, he scored 406 points.

Elevators The maximum weight capacity of an elevator is $1150$ pounds. Six men are in the elevator. Their weights are $210,145,183,230,159,\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}164$ pounds. Is the total weight below the elevators’ maximum capacity?

## Writing exercises

How confident do you feel about your knowledge of the addition facts? If you are not fully confident, what will you do to improve your skills?

## Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

After reviewing this checklist, what will you do to become confident for all objectives?

what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Good
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Jeannette has $5 and$10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?