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Social sciences

Geography

Grade 9

Development issues

Module 3

Political background

Approach to development in the rsa

Map of the RSA with former tbvc countries

First step: Development areas

Before we start discussing the issue of development, it is best to get a total picture by looking at the map. Where would you expect to find the most and the least development, and why? Have you ever visited any highly developed as well as totally undeveloped areas? Tell the other learners about it, or write it down, and compare notes.

Now we can broadly divide the country into DEVELOPMENT AREAS or areas where a lot of development has already taken place. By including the former TBVC countries (find out what the latter means), the areas will to a large extent agree with the present nine provinces , i.e.

  1. Western Cape (the present Western Cape and parts of the

Northern Cape) [Western Cape]

  1. Northern Cape (parts of the Western Transvaal and

Bophuthatswana) [Northern Cape]

  1. Orange Free State (Qwaqwa and Bophuthatswana) [Free State]
  2. Eastern Cape (Ciskei/Transkei) [Eastern Cape]
  3. Natal/Kwazulu/Transkei [Kwazulu-Natal]
  4. Mpumalanga (KaNgwane/Lebowa/Gazankulu) [Mpumalanga]
  5. Limpopo (Venda/Lebowa) [Northern Province]
  6. PWV (Bophuthatswana/KwaNdebele) [Gauteng]

Development in Regions 4, 5 and 7 was important, as UNEMPLOYMENT figures were very high. To ensure development, job opportunities were needed and workers needed to be employed to improve their quality of life and earn money to buy the most basic provisions. (What do you regard as vital steps in creating new job opportunities? Why does the government not simply hand out money to the poor? A sensible answer is needed if you intend to take part in planning the future).

Map of the RSA with development centres

Second step: Development of regions/towns

Specific centres of development already exist.

It is important to know where these regions are and to realise that development contributes to the lifestyle and quality of life of the inhabitants of those particular regions. (Give examples.)

Now start your research on the development and activities in regions/towns that are regarded as centres of a specific area. Include the following:

  1. Large urban areas, e.g. four main industrial areas. First decide which areas you would like to study, and why. Then collect information on the locality, history, climate, natural resources, industries, farming, business enterprises, tourism and social development or services (educational institutions, hospitals, organisations, sporting and other activities) in these particular areas. How would you recognise a typical developed landscape? What type of lifestyle do the inhabitants enjoy, and what would they not be familiar with at all? Why? Would you prefer to live in an urban and developed area yourself? Why?
  2. Deconcentration points, e.g. Atlantis (Cape Town); Imbali (Durban); Babelegi (North of Pretoria). “Deconcentration” means that the centres of activity are moving outwards, so that centres of development are no longer concentrated in the urban areas only. “Concentration” happens when everything evolves around a single point, while “deconcentration” means spreading out from one point. In language studies we would call them “opposites”. You should be able to apply this grammatical term to Geography. (Think about other forms of “opposites” or “contrasts” occurring in other countries or regions. You could even try to write a poem on geographical contrasts, or illustrate it in a work of art. It could also serve as a topic for an oral discussion or essay in any of the official languages.)
  3. Discuss the large centralised industrial development areas, e.g. George; Vredenburg-Saldanha; Mafikeng; Queenstown; Richards Bay; etc.
  4. Find out which other industrial centres have potential, but have not yet been fully developed. What do you regard as the possibilities or potential of these particular areas? What type of initiatives would serve to speed up development in such areas? Think of cheaper railway transport, lower electricity tariffs, housing, financial aid, private initiatives by entrepreneurs, etc.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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