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This module provides a review of the binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson probability distribution functions and their properties.


X ~ B ( n , p )

X = the number of successes in n independent trials

n = the number of independent trials

X takes on the values x = 0,1, 2, 3, ..., n

p = the probability of a success for any trial

q = the probability of a failure for any trial

p + q = 1 q = 1 - p

The mean is μ = np . The standard deviation is σ = npq .



X ~ G ( p )

X = the number of independent trials until the first success (count the failures and the first success)

X takes on the values x = 1, 2, 3, ...

p = the probability of a success for any trial

q = the probability of a failure for any trial

p + q = 1

q = 1 - p

The mean is μ = 1 p

Τhe standard deviation is σ = 1 p ( ( 1 p ) - 1 )



X ~ H ( r , b , n )

X = the number of items from the group of interest that are in the chosen sample.

X may take on the values x = 0, 1, ..., up to the size of the group of interest. (The minimum valuefor X may be larger than 0 in some instances.)

r = the size of the group of interest (first group)

b = the size of the second group

n = the size of the chosen sample.

n r + b

The mean is: μ = n r r + b

The standard deviation is: σ r b n ( r + b - n ) ( r + b ) 2 ( r + b - 1 )



X ~ P(μ)

X = the number of occurrences in the interval of interest

X takes on the values x = 0, 1, 2, 3, ...

The mean μ is typically given. ( λ is often used as the mean instead of μ .) When the Poisson is used to approximate the binomial, we use the binomialmean μ = n p . n is the binomial number of trials. p = the probability of a success for each trial. This formula is valid when n is "large" and p "small" (a general rule is that n should be greater than or equal to 20 and p should be less than or equal to 0.05 ). If n is large enough and p is small enough then the Poisson approximates the binomial very well. The variance is σ 2 = μ and the standard deviation is σ = μ

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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1 It is estimated that 30% of all drivers have some kind of medical aid in South Africa. What is the probability that in a sample of 10 drivers: 3.1.1 Exactly 4 will have a medical aid. (8) 3.1.2 At least 2 will have a medical aid. (8) 3.1.3 More than 9 will have a medical aid.
Nerisha Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Collaborative statistics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 03, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10522/1.40
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