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Learning objects

Learning objects are a new way of thinking about learning content. Traditionally, content comes in a several hour chunk. Learning objects are much smaller units of learning, typically ranging from 2 minutes to 15 minutes.
Are self-contained – each learning object can be taken independently
Are reusable – a single learning object may be used in multiple contexts for multiple purposes
Can be aggregated – learning objects can be grouped into larger collections of content, including traditional course structures
Are tagged with metadata – every learning object has descriptive information allowing it to be easily found by a search Beck, Robert J., " What Are Learning Objects? ", Learning Objects , Center for International Education, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, (External Link) , retrieved 2008-04-29 

What is a module?

A module is the basic building block of a Connexions course, textbook, or other type of collection. You can think of it as a small knowledge chunk that addresses a single topic or a specific aspect of a topic. Every author determines the size of their module, ranging from a few paragraphs to an entire textbook chapter. To a student or reader viewing a course or collection, a module is simply a web page in the collection. Modules allow readers to follow the information path arranged by the author or instructor or to branch off and discover their own path. To an instructor putting a collection together, having topics in different modules allows easy selection and arrangement of the information. An instructor can include existing modules from other courses or other academic disciplines that are important to the presentation of the course subject. Connexions, Mark Husband, and Adan Galvan. Editing Modules . Connexions. 12 Aug. 2009<http://cnx.org/content/m10887/2.28/>.

Content preparation before the workshop

Module content

You need to prepare some subject matter content before you try to create a Connexions module. We suggest that you create two or three small knowledge chunks where each one addresses a single topic. Don’t worry about how they will be transformed into Connexions modules. There are two word processing don’ts:

  • Do not use cntl_Enter as a break. They don’t import into Connexions.
  • Do not use tabs. They also do not import into Connexions.

Additionally, for each knowledge chunk that will become a module create:

  • a title line
  • a one or two sentence summary

I find it easiest to use an Excel spreadsheet for keeping track of modules that I am creating. It allows me to prepare the titles for the modules and their summary information as I prepare the knowledge chunks. The titles and summaries can then be easily copied and pasted as needed when building the modules within Connexions.

Spreadsheet example for creating titles and summaries.

It is important that you do this before any in-person workshop. During a workshop you will not have time to create or organize your content into knowledge chunks.


Using your picture processing skills; modify a picture of yourself cropping it square. It should be no greater than 150 by 150 pixels on each side. Usually this file is stored in a .jpg format.

The Connexions web site will shrink your picture to fit its allocated space; thus, to avoid distortion, you should make sure to crop the picture square.

Short biographical sketch

Prepare a short biography about yourself. Information should include your current job, past employment, educational and professional attainments, etc.


A link is provided (in the box at the upper right corner of this module’s page) to my “Member Profile” (for Kenneth Leroy Busbee) at Connexions. You will be using your picture and biography to create your “Member Profile” when you create your Connexions account. Again, during an in-person workshop you will not have time to prepare these materials, thus: please do them ahead of time.

Remember to bring these electronic files with you (usually on a flash drive) to any in-person workshop.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Authoring connexions modules using microsoft word documents. OpenStax CNX. Feb 24, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11154/1.4
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