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  1. Perfect Reconstruction (i.e., y ( n ) = x ( n ) ).
  2. Usefulness . Clearly this depends on the application. For the subband coding application, the filter frequency responses mightapproximate the ideal responses in [link] . In other applications the filters may have to satisfy other constraints orapproximate other frequency responses.

If the signals and filters are multidimensional in [link] , we have the multidimensional filter bank design problem.

Ideal Frequency Responses in an L-band Filter Bank
Ideal Frequency Responses in an L -band Filter Bank

Transmultiplexer

A transmultiplexer is a structure that combines a collection of signals into a single signal at a higher rate; i.e., it is the dual of a filterbank. If the combined signal depends linearly on the constituent signal, we have a linear transmultiplexer. Transmultiplexers were originally studied in the context of converting time-domain-multiplexed (TDM) signalsinto frequency domain multiplexed (FDM) signals with the goal of converting back to time-domain-multiplexed signals at some later point.A key point to remember is that the constituent signals should be recoverable from the combined signal. [link] shows the structure of a transmultiplexer. The input signals y i ( n ) were upsampled, filtered, and combined (by a synthesis bank of filters)to give a composite signal d ( n ) . The signal d ( n ) can be filtered (by an analysis bank of filters) and downsampled to give a set of signals x i ( n ) . The goal in transmultiplexer design is a choice of filters that ensures perfect reconstruction (i.e., for all i , x i ( n ) = y i ( n ) ). This imposes bilinear constraints on the synthesis and analysis filters. Also,the upsampling factor must be at least the number of constituent input signals, say L . Moreover, in classical TDM-FDM conversion the analysis and synthesis filters must approximate the ideal frequency responses in [link] . If the input signals, analysis filters and synthesis filters are multidimensional, we havea multidimensional transmultiplexer.

Perfect reconstruction—a closer look

We now take a closer look at the set of bilinear constraints on the analysis and synthesis filters of a filter bank and/or transmultiplexerthat ensures perfect reconstruction (PR). Assume that there are L analysis filters and L synthesis filters and that downsampling/upsampling is by some integer M . These constraints, broadly speaking, canbe viewed in three useful ways, each applicable in specific situations.

  1. Direct characterization - which is useful in wavelet theory (to characterize orthonormality and frame properties),in the study of a powerful class of filter banks (modulated filter banks), etc.
  2. Matrix characterization - which is useful in the study of time-varying filter banks.
  3. z-transform-domain (or polyphase-representation) characterization - which is useful in the design and implementation of (unitary) filter banks and wavelets.

Direct characterization of pr

We will first consider the direct characterization of PR, which, for both filter banks and transmultiplexers, follows from an elementary superpositionargument.

Theorem 38 A filter bank is PR if and only if, for all integers n 1 and n 2 ,

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Wavelets and wavelet transforms. OpenStax CNX. Aug 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11454/1.6
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